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Lecture 13

Lecture 13 - Political Influence.docx

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Wilfrid Laurier University
Political Science
Yasmine Shamsie

Lecture 13 – Political Influence  Who do governments listen to? o Politicians o Established powers (dictators etc) o Private sector  People trying to influence government o Ex. Tokyo: anti-nuclear protest 2013  Interest Groups – organizations that pursue the common interest of groups of people, particularly by trying to influence the development, option and implementation of public policies o What’s the answer to a problem? o How will it be implemented?  Influencing public policy o Interest group – about the members of the group getting something o Pressure groups – advocacy around a general issue Ex. the environment o Advocacy group  Increase in the number of public interest groups has increased markedly since the 1960’s o Due to: o Rise in mass media (including education) o Economic recessions (people get angry about having little money and put the pressure on government) o Post-materialist values (freedom, no racism)  Self-interest groups o Concerned with interests and benefits of their members o Ex. unions, associations like Canadian medical association  Public interest group o Very broad o Goal is to promote a position on a particular issue o Or support a specific cause o Similar/same to issue oriented groups o Pro-choice and pro-life groups would fall under this label  Issue oriented groups vs. Institutionalized groups  Issue oriented group o Usually spontaneous o Ex. line 9 o Issue oriented groups can create a webpage o Media picks up info o Expressing a view on a particular issue  Institutionalized group o The Canadian Chamber of Commerce o Assembly of First Nations (both institutionalized and self-interest) o Groups can morph – Hybrid Group  Ex. MADD – starts off as issue oriented but develops into a more professional group with permanency  People join groups because they want benefits of the group, social reasons  Many people do not end up joining groups at all in their lives o The free-rider problem – an individual that can enjoy the benefits of the successes of an interest group whether or not that member in a financial supporter o Public interest groups suffer from this the most o Unions can help stop this o Ex. doctors in CA must pay 2,500 to join the Canadian Medical Association or they cannot write prescriptions  Most groups are supported by members; some supported by government  Groups that are getting money for the government but oppose the government o Government lo
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