Lecture 5 – Governing at the Global level
We don’t have a world government.
Who or what:
Enforces the laws?
Deters and prevents countries from breaking the rules?
Establishes and maintains order?
How do we maintain order in a system where there is no top governance system
In International relations literature: Anarchy
Does NOT mean chaos in this sense
Means a lack of central authority to ensure compliance with norms of conduct
In nature, order is established through hierarchy
How do we deal with:
Environmental Pollution (Beijing)
World Politics is characterized by:
o No entitlement to command
o No obligation to obey
It’s in our interest to develop ways to cooperate
o International Agreements
o Conventions (Ex. UN on the law of the sea)
o International Law
o International Organizations (Ex. United nations, world bank)
Other International Actors:
o G7 and World Economic Forum
o Red Cross or International Chamber of Commerce
o Mercenary groups (private sector – involved in the resolution of conflicts)
o Non – profit: World Wildlife Fun
o Religion: Islamic conference
o Financial Markets, global accountancy firms
o Multi-national corporations
o Even though we don’t have a global government, we have all these factors in play Intergovernmental Organizations (IGOs)