Lecture 9 - Global Governance:
Governing the Internet?
o Who governs the internet?
o What needs regulation?
o Governance spaces: where do stakeholders meet?
o Is governance working? Challenges?
Assessing Internet Governance
o Who is invited to the table?
o Is there transparency?
Can one person get information easily or does it take a force of people?
o Are problems being addresses in a timely way?
Are problems being resolved or are they taking forever
o Performance: is the Internet working for everyone?
Who should govern the Internet?
o The UN?
China = internet censorship
Nationally, governments govern their own states
Globally, the internet is governed by a multi-stakeholder system
ICANN allots domain names:
o Ex. .shop, .book, .love, .home, .inc, .blog
o Amazon and Google have made dozens of applications to control hundreds of
The most applied-for domain is .app
o 13 organisations have staked a claim to own that domain name
Only one entity can own a top level domain-name
These applications can have multi-million dollar consequences for a company
ICANN: Governance Process
o Cost: $185,000 to register a domain name
o Process: 250 page application, entire process costs about half a million dollars
o Result: 17 applications from Africa, North America has 911 applications
o 76 applications from Amazon (via Netherlands not NA)
o 100 applications from Google ICANN has a charity status
Arms-length from the US government
Consults regularly with private companies about operations
o Unclear how you join ICANN
o Unclear how decisions are made
ICANN decides who gets the domain name
o Are ICANN members elected or appointed, if so, by whom?
o What is the process? What are the criteria for deciding who gets the name?
A key point…once granted that domain name, those granted have complete power over
whether a company or individual can apply