PS101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Theophrastus, Extraversion And Introversion, Agreeableness

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14 Nov 2016
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Throughout time people have been intuitively aware of individual differences. Theophrastus (cid:449)rote a(cid:271)out differe(cid:374)t (cid:862)(cid:272)hara(cid:272)ters(cid:863) to tr(cid:455) to des(cid:272)ri(cid:271)e i(cid:374)di(cid:448)idual differe(cid:374)(cid:272)es. Attempting to characterize people their personalities. Personality distinctive and relatively enduring ways of thinking, feeling, and acting that characterize a person"s response to situations. A collection of stable traits and characteristics. Comes from word persona (cid:862)a(cid:272)tor"s (cid:373)ask(cid:863) Interviews: structured set of standardized questions, note other behaviours appearance, speech patterns, etc, drawbacks: Behavioural assessment: need explicit coding system, ai(cid:373) is (cid:374)ot solel(cid:455) to (cid:862)des(cid:272)ri(cid:271)e (cid:271)ehaviour. Specific behaviour, frequency, specific situations, under what conditions. Use standard questions and agreed upon scoring key: advantage. Collect large amount of data: disadvantage. Concern: have to identify what are the underlying traits that describe people. Number of traits measured varies by test. Modern tests: neo-pi-r (costa and mccrae) Big 5 personality traits or the five-factor model. Extraversion, neuroticism, openness to experience, agreeableness: meyers-briggs personality test conscientiousness. Environment impacts on you you respond.

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