Michael Matthews October 13, 2011
Personality: How do you define beauty?
Freud thought that any kind of faith was an illusion (pessimistic)
Characters of a healthy person:
Functional competence- being able to do some things very well. Being able to complete tasks and goals.
Creativity- approaches the world in a very fresh way.
Inner Harmony- Huge amount of self-acceptance, because you are then able to have growth. Self-rejection
leads to very poor circumstances. Accept your personal vulnerability. This also means a need for solitude
Relatedness- related to many other. You still need some level of solitude, which eventually leads to
Violations are not always in a physical form.
5. Transcendence- believing there is something out there much more powerful than ourselves. Feeling or
relating to something more powerful than the self.
Distinctive and consistent personality characteristics.
Personality looks at: feelings, actions, thoughts
Interpersonal would be differences between each other, and intrapersonal things are from within.
Humeral concept: this meant body fluids. Of the four essential body fluids, if someone has an abundance of
any of these fluids, it would make their personality (Hypocrisy)
Black bile means a morose person. Yellow means they are excitable but can be nasty. Flem means they are
non-excitable. People with an abundance of blood, were happy go lucky.
Physiognomy- trying to identify someone’s personality by their physical appearance. The head was squared
off with different types of personality characteristics.
Some think that blood type can also help determine personality.
40% of the total populations are type A. Hard working, but conscious of their physical appearance?
30% are type B. Very creative and obsessively individualistic
30% are type O. Aggressive but very realistic
10% are type AB. They are two faced and moody.
110% total = genius.
Sigmund Freud (1856): psychoanalysis is a very weak approach when trying to treat people.
He had a death wish for his brother, and when his brother dies, he felt guilt for the rest of his life.
Freud was interested in human nature.
Two things caused him to leave his medical work. His advancement opportunities were small, and he had
very little financial support. He was a failed hypnosis.
Instead of this he created the idea of “free association” where you essentially say everything that comes to
He was disappointed that he never gained the fame he wanted.
Obsessed that at every point in his life he was going to die.
When Freud discovered that children have sexual thoughts about their parents, he figured that was typical.
He was so impressed by Fliss that he kept working on it. Children have all types of fantasy. He set back
sexual harassment and abuse by decades.
Children were affected psychosexually by their parents.
Sexuality is the biological determinant of your personality. The libido is what Freud would say is our sexual
energy. Any impulse which results in pleasure is usually related to the libido.
Personality consists of three different pieces: The ID/ unconscious pleasure principle, the super ego
(conscience), poor ego that is trying to arbitrate between the different impulses (reality principle).