PS101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Body Dysmorphic Disorder, Arachnophobia, Anxiety Disorder
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-Terrible feeling of dread
-Fear of heights, Claustrophobia, arachnophobia, fear of snakes
-Explain these ^ fears with “preparedness”- Our evolutionary history affects how we fear these
things; Genetic predisposition to these kinds of fears
-Desensitization hierarchy - Used to treat phobic response, in fear of snakes, people will be
desensitized to pictures of snakes, talking about snakes etc - Counter conditioning
-OCD: More complex form of anxiety disorder; Anxiety increases when we prevent checking,
cleaning, etc behaviours.
-Often treated with the same drugs used to treat depression
-cleaning, checking, rituals- used to control or reduce anxiety
Somatoform Disorders/ Conversion Disorders
-Anxiety is converted into a bodily symptom in these disorders
-Body Dysmorphic Disorder- obsessed with perceived body image
-Can progress to the point at which it is delusional (concrete ﬁrmly held thought)
-No organic cause
-Conversion Paralysis, Conversion blindness, conversion deafness; Man who had conversion
blindness was colourblind to the colour red after an accident where he lived and his mother
died, resulted in a lot of blood.
-La Belle endifference (the beautiful indifference)
-Left side of the body ‘sinister side’
-Anxiety reaches certain point where the person dissociates from the normal stream of
-Amnesic, Fugue states, depersonalization (people do not feel a ‘solid state of self’),
Derealization (World around doesn't feel the same, familiar, or real)
-When the dissociative state becomes extreme; for example people don't remember who they
are; Psychic Suicide
-After a dissociative state, people forget who they are, become amnesic, cant recall any
personal details of their lives.
-Not that unusual for people who are amnesic to go on fugues.
-Dissociative Identity disorder- Most commonly known as ‘Multiple personality disorder’
-Suffered Tragic events
-Usually one major personality will know everything about all the other non-dominant
-subordinate personality said to be co-concious with dominant-personality
-Within DID, 97% had tragic physical, sexual, or emotional abuse.
-More diagnosis within the past 10 years than all of psychological history
-interference with a child psychosexual development- Can result in disturbance/disorders.
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