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Lecture

Learning.docx


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PS102
Professor
Don Morgenson

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Learning
1. Central
2. Hope
3. Contiguity Pavlov’s Dogs(a busser went off and dinner came out-association) occur together
Learning is largely association
Why do we learn / why are we motivated to learn
1. Intent to learn up to professors for us to want to learn --- GPA may motivate us, etc.
2. Rewards/Punishments we learn more through encouraging people than punishing people
3. Knowledge of results
a. You need to know how accurate you were
b. Need a feeling of how you are progressing you are in the course
c. How correct your answers are in the specific area (you need to know how well you are
doing to vary how hard you study, etc.)
4. Stress
5. Life goals:
a. Don’t push it off for later or you will probably never do it
What we learn/why we learn
b. Affects our life goals
Learning is a relatively permanent change in a behavioral tendency that occurs as a result of reinforced
practice
1. It is a definition that is relatively objective it is expressed at the observational level
2. Improvements –it doesn’t say anything about improvements because we don’t always learn
improvements sometimes we teach ourselves bad habits
3. Behavioral Tendency suggests a difference between performance and learning
4. Practice is very important for all types of learning
a. Necessary for learning to occur
5. Reinforcement (reward)
Fundamental kind of learning
Pavlov
- Digestive scientist
- Won the Nobel prize in 1904 for research on digestion
- Taught us about 1 form of conditioning
o Would ring a bell and then feed the animals
o Paired the conditioned stimulus with the unconditioned stimulus
o Naturally they associated the bell will food naturally when the bell was rung the dog
would salivate
- CS (neutral stimulus)
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