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Lecture 8

PS102 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Imaginary Audience, Parenting Styles, Egocentrism


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PS102
Professor
Joanne Lee
Lecture
8

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PS 102: Lecture notes
Attachment styles:
Caregiver:
Attentive responsive → secure attachment
Caregiver:
Attentive intrusive → anxious/ambivalent attachment
Caregiver:
Inattentive unresponsive → avoidant attachment
Parenting styles:
- Authoritative
- Authoritarian
- Permissive
- Uninvolved
Temperament and attachment style:
- A child’s temperament type interacts with the quality of his of her attachment to
caregivers
Consequences of attachment:
- Secure infants are better socially adjusted
- Insecure infants more behavioural problems
- Infancy = sensitive but not critical period
- Prolonged attachment deprivation = long-term risks
- Not all in deprived environments at risk
- Resilience
Adolescence:
- Cognitive development
- Increase in abstract reasoning abilities
- More flexible and creative thinking
Adolescence and social development:
- Adolescent egocentrism
- Oversensitivity to social evaluation (imaginary audience)
- Everyone is going to be staring at me
- Overestimation of uniqueness of feelings, experiences (personal fable)
- They can’t understand how I feel
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