PS102 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Ames Room, Subjective Constancy, Theophrastus

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14 Aug 2016
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Psychology – Lecture 16
Chapter 4 - Sensation and Perception
The power of misleading cues: illusions
- Incorrect perceptions – discrepancy between visual appearance and
physical reality
- Provides information about perceptual processes
o The Ames room: viewer’s perspective disrupts size constancy
Inattentional Blindness
- Perceptual blindness
o Psychological lack of attention independent of cognitive or vision
deficits
o Event in which an individual fails to recognize an unexpected
stimulus that is in plain sight
Chapter 5 - Personality
Who are you
- Introvert/Extrovert
- Optimist/ pessimist
We are different
- Throughout time people have been intuitively aware of individual
differences
Historical knowledge of individual differences
- Theophrastus wrote about different “characters” to try to describe
individual differences
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- Attempting to characterize people – their personalities
Definition
- Personality
o Distinctive and relatively enduring ways of thinking, feeling and
acting that characterize a person’s response to situations
- Comes from word persona – actors mask
How do we measure personality?
- Interview data
- Reports, ratings by other people
- Behavioural assessment
- Physiological measures
- Responses on projective tests
- Personality scales and self ratings
How do we measure personality?
- Interview data
- Reports, ratings by other people
- Behavioural assessment
- Physiological measures
- Responses on projective tests
- Personality scales and self ratings
Personality Assessment
- Interviews
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