PS102 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Ames Room, Subjective Constancy, Theophrastus

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Incorrect perceptions discrepancy between visual appearance and physical reality. Provides information about perceptual processes: the ames room: viewer"s perspective disrupts size constancy. Perceptual blindness: psychological lack of attention independent of cognitive or vision deficits, event in which an individual fails to recognize an unexpected stimulus that is in plain sight. Throughout time people have been intuitively aware of individual differences. Theophrastus wrote about different characters to try to describe individual differences. Attempting to characterize people their personalities. Personality: distinctive and relatively enduring ways of thinking, feeling and acting that characterize a person"s response to situations. Comes from word persona actors mask. Interviews: structured set of standardized questions, note other behaviours appearance, speech patterns etc. Drawbacks: characteristics of interviewer can affect answers, dependence on co operation, honesty of interviewee. Behavioural assessment: need explicit coding system, aim is not solely to describe behaviour. Specific behaviour, frequency, specific situations, under what conditions: interjudge reliability. Use standard questions and agreed upon scoring key: advantage.

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