PS102 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Tabula Rasa, Classical Conditioning, Behaviorism

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14 Aug 2016
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Psychology – Lecture 1
Learning
- Refers to the observable events or changes
o Not metal processes
- Process by which experience produces relatively enduring change
in behaviour or capabilities (now know how to do something
- Learning curveà creates evolving based learningà ie goldfish playing
soccer à growth in learning abilities
- Evidence of learning is based on change in ability
- Initially guided by 2 perspectives
Behaviourism
- Focused on how organisms learn
- Examined processes by which experience influences behaviour
- Discovered laws of learning that apply to virtually all organisms
o Ie Imprintingà baby ducks impersonate a figure that is the
caretaker who is responsible to teach them basic functions and skills
(happens at a critical moment where the ducks imprint only happens
once)
o Human babies attach and do not imprint
- Treated organism as tabula rasa à an absence of preconceived
ideas or predetermined goals; a clean slate.
- Explained earning solely in terms of directly observable events à no
mental states
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