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Lecture 18

PS287 Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Rape Culture, Gender Role


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PS287
Professor
Nicky Newton
Lecture
18

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Week 9. Sex Differences in Health
November 13, 2017
3:51 PM
Theme: definitive sex differences in mortality and morbidity, with multiple possible explanations
(complex)
Sex differences in Mortality
Mortality rates = death rate
Life span
o Women outlive men in U.S by approximately 5 years
o Recent years: sex gap in mortality has narrowed
o Sex gap varies by country
o Men die younger than women throughout life span
Sex diff in mortality bigger between 15-24 + 25-34
Many ways of reporting sex differences in mortality
Causes of death (graph):
o Suicide rate higher for men
o Alzheimer's rate higher for women
WHY difference in mortality?
Male more risk taking: accidents
Men possibly higher rate in less safe jobs (chemicals, professional risks) : diff at old age
Women tend to care more about their health earlier : 5 year differences at old age
Suicide: more pressure for men from other men, work, family
Alzheimer's : women live longer for it to progress
Leading causes of Mortality (death)
Heart disease, cancer, cerebrovascular disease, chronic lower respiratory disease, and accidents
Lifestyle factors play a role in all causes
Men more likely than women to die of most of the leading causes of death
Men more likely to commit/be victims of violent crimes, including homicide (65% of both)
Women more likely than men to be killed by someone they know
Sex differences in Morbidity (Disease)
Morbidity = illness or disease
People living longer, but with disease
Women and chronic illness: long lasting, can be fatal or nonfatal
Women have higher morbidity rates than men, starting at adolescence
Women perceive own health to be worse
Women also report more illness behaviour
o Restrict activity due to illness
o More likely to seek medical care
Six Classes of Explanation of Sex Differences
Biology
Artifacts
Health Behaviours(best explanations for sex differences in mortality but limited for morbidity)
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
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