Psychology = psyche (the soul) = logos (the study of a subject) The discipline concerned with behaviour and mental processes and how they are affected by organism"s physical state, mental state and external environment. 460 bce hippocrates summarizes what the brain does. 1879 - people become interested in the study of the brain and how it connects with other environmental factors. ) 1879 -wilhelm wundt creates first psychological laboratory in leipzig, germany (becomes a formal discipline) Focused on the analysis of immediate experience into basic elements. Used introspection to reduce experiences down to physical attributes such as sensations, feelings and images: introspection- looking inside one self. Looking inside your mind and doing a simple diagnosis of your mind. E. b titchener: formed the school of structuralism in the united states (cornell, ny, critized for not studying animals and abnormal behaviour, graduated first female phd in psychology (margaret floy washburn) in. Focused on the function or purpose of behaviour.