PS100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 19: Iceberg, Preconscious, Behaviorism

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18 Dec 2016

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Lecture 19
Summing Trait Ideas
Stable (maybe)
May be genetic/ environmental influences
Comes from within
Situationist: Behavioural Background
Environment impacts on you- you respond
Stimulus response
Consistency in people= stable responses to environment
Interactionist: Behavioural-Cognitive Approach
Differences= Product of what comes from without (environment)
Behaviourism plus
Add cognitive variables- competencies, encoding strategies, beliefs and expectancies
What people do and say are the tip of the iceberg
Motives and desires lie buried beneath the surface
Dynamic because the forces are pitted against each other
o Freud
o Humanity= "seething cauldron" of pleasure seeking
o Strive for gratification
o Tame by civilization
Childhood-time of taming
Starts external- parents (set boundaries that are morally correct)
Becomes internal
Reassertion taming throughout life
Freud and the Psychoanalytic Approach
How much of your activities and thoughts do you control? How much is automatic?
Freud's theory very controversial--proposed following processes
o Much due to unconscious processes
o Sexuality is a primary drive
o Children have sexual feelings
Organization of Awareness
o Aware of and attention
o Events out of awareness but that can be recalled
o Primary motivating force of behaviour. Contains repressed memories, instincts, deepest
How does personality develop
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