Class Notes (806,520)
Canada (492,274)
Psychology (2,694)
PS101 (712)

Chapter 16.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Wilfrid Laurier University
Lawrence Murphy

Approaches to Treatment and Therapy – Chapter 16 Biological Treatments - Contemporary view alternatives between mental disorders as disease (medical treatment)& emotional problems (psychological treatment) - Drug treatment on the rise – makes people money o Medications that alter the production of or response to neurotransmitter in the brain Antipsychotic Drugs (Neuroleptic) - Primarily used in psychotic disorders e.g. schizophrenia - Most designed to block or reduce the sensitivity of brain receptors that respond to dopamine - Lots of side effects with the dopamine drugs - Reduce agitation, delusions and hallucinations - The drugs work, however there are many, bad, side effects - Side effects such as muscular rigidity, tremors and involuntary muscle movement - Sometimes the side effects are too much as people go off their drugs Antidepressants - Drugs used primarily in the treatment of mood disorders, especially depression and anxiety - Produce unpleasant physical reaction - Sometimes the side effects are too much as people go off their drugs - Three classes of antidepressants: o Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) use to be the most popular o Tricyclic antidepressants o Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) newest  It has fewer side effects because it is so specific Tranquilizers & Lithium - Anti-anxiety Drugs (tranquilizers) o Drugs commonly but often inappropriately prescribed for patients who complain of unhappiness, anxiety or worry o Young teens around 18 abuse these drugs as parents normally have in their house – can be addictive leading to addiction o Useful as short-term treatment of panic disorder o Increase activity of GABA (neurotransmitter)– reason why people who have anxiety disorder drink alcohol - Lithium Carbonate o Drug frequently given to people suffering from bipolar disorder (moderate norepinephrine and stops over stimulation …) Cautions About Drug Treatment - Limitations to drug treatment 1. The placebo effect a. The apparent success of a medication or treatment due to the patient’s expectations or hope rather than to the drug itself 2. High relapse and dropout rate 3. Dosage problems a. Therapeutic window – the amount that is enough to cause a change and improvement but not too much 4. Disregard for effective, possibly better, nonmedical treatment 5. Unknown long-term risks – testing takes place over a short period of time 6. Untested off-label uses a. Drugs are sometimes prescribed for conditions outside their intended use Direct Brain interventions - Psychosurgery o Any surgical procedure that destroys selected areas of the brain believed to be involved in emotional disorders or violent, impulsive behavior (E.g. prefrontal lobotomy) - Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) o A procedure used in cases of prolonged and severe major depression, in which a brief brain seizure is induced Kinds of Psychotherapy - Major schools of Psychotherapy: 1. Psychodynamic Therapy – what we think of – tradition therapy o Relied on Freud’s method of psychoanalysis and traditionally involved free association o Evolved into many
More Less

Related notes for PS101

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.