Types of Anxiety Disorders
1) Generalized Anxiety Disorder
2) Panic Disorder
4) Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
• The diagnosis given to people who experience excessive anxiety and worry that the find difficult to
• 6 months or more
• Sleep, tension, nausea, diarrhoea ,urination, sweating, palpitations…
• Estimate the heritability to be about 30 percent
• Recurrent, unpredictable panic attacks that cause apprehension about the occurrence and
consequences of further attacks
• Symptoms: a pounding heart, uncontrollable trembling or shaking, and a feeling of being choked
• May report being afraid that hey are going to die or that they are "going crazy"
• Panic disorder can have significant social and health consequences.
• Persistent, irrational fear of some specific object situation, or activity that poses no real danger.
• Realize fear is irrational but compelled to avoid the feared object or situation
• Three classes of phobias: social phobia, agoraphobia, and specific phobia
Classes of Phobias
• Social Phobia - fear of interacting with others, avoid social situations
• Agoraphobia - like social, more complicated, fear of being in a situationfrom which escape is
difficult or impossible
• Specific Phobia-fear of specific thing
• Obsessions: Persistent, recurring, involuntary thoughts, images, or impulses that invade
consciousness and cause great distress.
○ Worry about contaminations
○ Doubt as to whether a certain act was performed
• Compulsion: A persistent, irresistible, irrational urge to perform an act or ritual repeatedly:
○ Usually involve cleanliness, counting, checking, touching objects, hoarding or excessive
○ Rituals are often used to avoid "danger"
What Causes Anxiety Disorders?
• Repressed urges threaten to surface
• Classical conditioning:When something has natural caring in the world.
• Illogical/Irrational thought patterns
○ All-or-nothing thinking
Minimization Biological Explanations
Types of Anxiety Disorders Page 1 ○ Minimization Biological Explanations
○ MZ twins more similar than DZ twins, even when adopted
○ GABA/ Seratonin