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Types of Anxiety Disorders.pdf

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Wilfrid Laurier University
Mindi Foster

Types of Anxiety Disorders November-20-12 4:01 PM 1) Generalized Anxiety Disorder 2) Panic Disorder 3) Phobias 4) Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Generalized Anxiety Disorder • The diagnosis given to people who experience excessive anxiety and worry that the find difficult to control • 6 months or more • Sleep, tension, nausea, diarrhoea ,urination, sweating, palpitations… • Estimate the heritability to be about 30 percent Panic Disorder • Recurrent, unpredictable panic attacks that cause apprehension about the occurrence and consequences of further attacks • Symptoms: a pounding heart, uncontrollable trembling or shaking, and a feeling of being choked or smothered • May report being afraid that hey are going to die or that they are "going crazy" • Panic disorder can have significant social and health consequences. Phobias • Persistent, irrational fear of some specific object situation, or activity that poses no real danger. • Realize fear is irrational but compelled to avoid the feared object or situation • Three classes of phobias: social phobia, agoraphobia, and specific phobia Classes of Phobias • Social Phobia - fear of interacting with others, avoid social situations • Agoraphobia - like social, more complicated, fear of being in a situationfrom which escape is difficult or impossible • Specific Phobia-fear of specific thing Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder • Obsessions: Persistent, recurring, involuntary thoughts, images, or impulses that invade consciousness and cause great distress. Common themes: ○ Worry about contaminations ○ Doubt as to whether a certain act was performed • Compulsion: A persistent, irresistible, irrational urge to perform an act or ritual repeatedly: ○ Usually involve cleanliness, counting, checking, touching objects, hoarding or excessive ordering. ○ Rituals are often used to avoid "danger" What Causes Anxiety Disorders? Psychodynamic Explanations • Repressed urges threaten to surface Learning Explanations • Classical conditioning:When something has natural caring in the world. • Modeling Cognitive Explanations • Illogical/Irrational thought patterns ○ Magnification ○ All-or-nothing thinking ○ Overgeneralization Minimization Biological Explanations Types of Anxiety Disorders Page 1 ○ Minimization Biological Explanations Biological Explanations • Genetics ○ MZ twins more similar than DZ twins, even when adopted ○ GABA/ Seratonin Somatoform Disorders
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