Michael Matthews September 15, 2011
Psychology Lecture #2
Exam September 29
Animism- Every physical object also contains a spirit in addition to the physical state of the being.
These spirits may be negative or positive or good and evil. (exorcism)
Animism predates Plato and Aristotle, and we have to give credit to that.
Plato used rationalism, knowing the world through reasoning
Aristotle began the idea of empiricism, which means know our world through observation and
The influence of these early roots still exists today.
Wundt spent a long time in the hospital so he had a long time to examine his mind, ultimately leading to the
creation of the first school of psychology and initial structuralism.
Describe your experience through an introspective way, by looking into something or yourself.
Functionalism- Looking at the function of the mind. What is the mind for? With Darwin’s new discoveries,
they thought the minds main job was to adjusting and adapt to a variety of environments.
William James: Claimed as one of the early psychologists who helped developed the school of
functionalism. This led to IQ testing to see if particular minds are more adaptable.
James talked about a stream of consciousness, which gets separated to an almost alternated personality.
We are aware of what we are doing constantly are believed. These are simply formal schools of
In the 1900’s, a man named John Watson argued that functionalism is a joke, but rather we have an over
behaviour. It is a waste of time trying to look into the mind. Lead to more knowledge of solving
behavioural issues such as depression.
Skinner also said this was a joke, and that you are the product of your environment. Figured that he could
answer questions about people by their actions and reactions and even have the ability to create anyth