September 13 , 2012
Chapter 1—What is Psychology?
Psychology: how our physical, mental states and external environment affects our thoughts, feelings
Psychology vs. Pseudoscience
Psychobabble ―empty nest syndrome‖
How to do Psychology with Critical Thinking
Ask questions and examine evidence:
What’s your source?
Define your terms
Crisis: - Psychotic break?
- Fancy toys?
―I know someone who‖
One person’s opinion doesn’t mean it’s the truth.
Avoid emotional reasoning
(avoid preference based opinions over fact based opinions)
Often in psychology, evidence to support both sides. Consider alternative interpretations
- Midlife crisis? (guy in nice car) or disposable income?
History of Psychology
Pre-modern: - Phrenology head bumps affecting personality
Structuralism – looked at how conscious experience is broken down into its basic elements.
o Introspection (methodology) – figuring out others conscious experiences.
o Criticism? – Too subjective, not everyone experiences something the same way.
Functionalism – Conscious experience is not static but flows and changes with time,
o Criticism? – No set methodology/ theory.
Psychoanalysis – Behavior is a function of unconscious desires and conflicts.
Has to do with conflicts from your childhood years.
o Criticism? – Not falsifiable. (You can’t disprove it)