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PS101- Anxiety? Abnormal Psychology?.docx

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Mindi Foster

Tuesday, November 20 , 2012 Abnormal Psychology Types of Anxiety Disorders 1. Generalized Anxiety Disorder a. The diagnosis given to people who experience excessive anxiety and worry that they find difficult to control b. 6 months or more. c. Sleep, tension, nausea, diarrhea, urination, sweating, palpitations… d. Estimate the heritability to be about 30%. 2. Panic disorder a. Recurrent, unpredictable panic attacks that cause apprehension about the occurrence and consequences of further attacks. b. Symptoms: a pounding heart, uncontrollable trembling or shaking, and feeling of being choked or smothered. c. May repot being afraid that they are going to die or that they are “going crazy” d. You are fearful that it is not something that you can’t control. e. Panic disorder can have significant social and health concerns. 3. Phobias a. Persistent, irrational fear of some specific object, situation, or activity that poses no real danger. b. Realize fear is irrational but compelled to avoid the feared object or situation. c. Three classes of phobias i. Social phobia 1. Fear of interacting with others, avoid social situations. ii. Agoraphobia 1. Like social, more complicated, fear of being in a situation from which escape is difficult of impossible. iii. Specific phobia 1. Fear of a specific thing. 4. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder a. Obsessions: persistent, recurring, involuntary thought, images, or impulses that invade consciousness and cause great distress. b. Common themes: i. Worry about contamination ii. Doubt as to whether a certain act was performed. 1. “Did I leave the stove on?” c. Compulsion: a persistent, irresistible, irrational urge to perform an act or ritual repeatedly. i. Usually involve cleanliness, counting, checking, touching objects, hoarding, or excessive ordering ii. Rituals are often used to avoid danger. What Causes Anxiety Disorders? Psychodynamic Explanations  Repressed urges threaten to surface Learning Explanations  Classical conditioning o When you have a natural response to something in the world.  Modeling o When you want someone to demonstrate a certain behavior. o When we learn behaviors and they become apart of us. Cognitive Explanations  Illogical/irrational thought patterns o Magnification o All-or-nothing thinking o Overgeneralization  Thinking that something that has happened the one time will happen many more times. o Minimization  Minimizing the positive experiences Biological Explanations  Genetics o MZ twins more similar than DZ twins, even when adopted.  Gaba/Serotonin Somatoform disorders  Belief that you are ill  Belief that you experience physical complains/disabilities  No known biological cause  Somatic= “bodily” ailment.  Believe that you are sick, have testing done and they find that there is nothing wrong with you but you still believe that you are ill or will become ill. 1. Hypochondriasis a. Excessive worry about getting ill b. Preoccupied with bodily symptoms 2. Somatization disorder a. Specific symptom or symptoms b. “drama”, emotional. c. They also don’t have anything wrong with them, just like hypocondrias d. They doctor shop. i. If one doctor tells them that they don’t have anything, they will go thr
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