Class Notes (839,092)
Canada (511,185)
Psychology (2,794)
PS101 (736)
Lecture

Chapter 8 Social Behaviour.docx

4 Pages
76 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PS101
Professor
Kris Gerhardt

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 4 pages of the document.
Description
2 Introduction • What is social psychology – Study of how social stimuli influence our behaviour – We are far more influenced by others than we realize – Covers a wide area of behaviour – How are attitudes changed? – Why do people help or fail to help in an emergency – 3 Explaining Others • In order to make judgments about people or cultures, we rely on internal explanations of their behaviour • Walk into a party – Someone smiles !! • How we take social information – And manipulate it 4 Attributing Causality • Attribution Theory – External (situational) attribution – Internal (dispositional) attribution – **also see text re: unstable vs. stable causes • Fritz Heider – common sense psychology – People prefer internal attributions over external ones – People are easy to notice – Situations are hard to see and evaluate 5 Fundamental Attribution Error (go back and make notes) • We infer dispositional motives for behaviour of others & discount situational factors – Students/profs/exam marks • Jones & Harris – anti-Castro speeches • Self Serving Bias • Just world hypothesis • Real world FAE 6 Why do we make FAEs • Perceptual Salience – Attention is on the person, not the situation • External factors you might ignore – ……what might you ignore or discount? • 1 7 Social Norms and Influences • Norms – Rules about how we are to supposed to act • Roles – Positions in society that are regulated by norms about how people in those positions should behave • Social Influence – Conforming because of another’s behaviour • Culture – Program of shared rules for behaviour in a society 8 Obedience • Milgrim classic obedience study – Video clip – Studying how far people would go in obeying orders – Shocks from 0 to 450 volts – Social scientists estimated < 5% would obey to 450v – In reality, 65% obeyed to 450V – No overt coercion – People will obey when they believe the instructions come from a legitimate authority ***regardless – We are not very good at predicting our own behaviour because we underestimate the power of the situation 9 Attitude Change • What is an attitude – A favourable or unfavourable evaluative reaction towards something. Exhibited in one’s beliefs, feelings or behaviour • 3 components – Affective (emotional) – Behavioural (visible) – Cognitive 10 Model of Attitude Change • Source – message – target • Credibility or believability – Expertise, prestige • Trustworthiness or self-interest – Self serving remarks are less influential • Intention – If intent to persuade is obvious, less influential – ‘overheard’ conversations are more influential 11 Role playing • Entrapment……. • Groups have well defined roles – Expectations of behaviour • Most of us belong to more than one group – Therefore, many different expectations of behaviour depending on situation • Potential costs
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit