Class Notes (838,403)
Canada (510,881)
Psychology (2,794)
PS101 (736)
Lecture 5

lecture 5.docx

5 Pages
105 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PS101
Professor
Lawrence Murphy
Semester
Fall

Description
Chapter 15: Psychological Disorders  Clicker questions  DSM-IV uses five "axes" to describe a person's problem. Which axis contains the actual diagnosis of a disorder?  Axis I --> Primary Clinical Problems  In addition to providing information about symptoms and incidence, the DSM requires the diagnosis to be understood in terms of  The client's personality, possible stressors, and the client's medical condition  Defining Mental Disorders  Mental disorder  Any behaviour or emotional state that:  Causes individual great suffering  Is self-destructive  Seriously impairs person's ability to work or get along with others, or endangers others or the community  Mental health is conceived in a context; that context is society;  Eg. If society is racist, black people trying to escape slavery is a mental health disorder (drapetomia)  Eg. If soceity is sexist, women trying to assert themselves is a mental health disorder  NOT the same as insanity  Legal term only involving mental illness and whether person is aware of consequences and can control their behaviour  Dilemmas of Definition  Varying definitions of mental disorders  Mental disorder as:  Violation of cultural standards  Emotional distress  Behaviour that is self-destructive or harmful to others  In Canada, mental disorders the leading cause of disability in those aged 15-44  Dilemmas of Diagnosis  Disorders typically classified using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)  Primary goal of DSM is to be descriptive and to provide clear diagnostic categories (see Table 15.1 in text)  DSM Categories  Five dimensions (axes) clients are evaluated on:  Axis I: Primary clinical problem  Axis II: Personality factors/disorders  Axis III: General medical conditions  Axis IV: Social and environmental stressors  Axis V: Global assessment of functioning (GAF)  Increasing DSM Disorders  Supporters of new categories answer that it's important to distinguish disorders precisely  Critics point to economic reasons: diagnoses are needed for insurance reasons so therapists will be compensated  Problems with the DSM  It is important to be aware of limitations and problems present tin attempts to classify mental disorders  The danger of overdiagnosis (e.g., ADHD)  The power of diagnostic labels --> being labeled can stick with you; stigmas are associated with mental health disorders (it can be used against you)  The confusion of serious mental disorders with normal problems  The illusion of objectivity and universality (e.g., drapetomania, reflect cultural and social prejudices)  Advantages of the DSM  Defenders agree that boundaries b/w "normal problems" and "mental disorders" are fuzzy and difficult to determine  Many psychological symptoms fall along a continuum ranging from mild to severe  When DSM used correctly in conjunction with valid objective tests, improves reliability of di
More Less

Related notes for PS101

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit