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PS101 – chapter12.docx

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Don Morgenson

PS101 – Oct 15 2013 - concentrate 3 sleep and dreaming CHAPTER 12 - Most of questions on test will come from chapter 12 - 3, 5, 12 - 16 questions on brain, chapter 5, 9 questions (sleep and dreaming) chapter 12 25 questions – clinical psychologist Personality - Balance between self destruction and the opposite - We are characterized by a profound need to grow beyond what we are - Early Hebrews sought purification - Early Christians sought nothing but salvation - Spiritual growth - Muslims seek love and enlightenment - All of these people sought states of being that surpassed the present levels of beauty and goodness - 50% of personality characteristics are genetic - Inheritability is 50% - 50% of who we are is a function of the kinds of choices we make - Profound freedom to become kind of people we want to become - 50% of us DNA - Still gives us a great deal of freedom - Individual differences, but individual consistencies - Leads to enduring patterns of thought, emotion, behavior – what we define as personality - How unique you are - Yellow bile, black bile, blood, phlegm – no validity today - Physiognomy – study eyes, movement, parts of anatomy. Unsteady eyes – dishonest - Reading contours of head, determine parts of personality characteristics - Studies of blood types and personalities - Body type, tissue - Healthy personality - Functional competence. Work at projects and you succeed. - Functional competence  work independently - Characterized by creativity - Neo personality inventory - Healthiest people are the ones who are open to whatever life presents to them - Whatever comes I can deal with it - Openness to irrational, strange, normal etc - Characterized by quiet inner harmony - Inner harmony has self acceptance - You are not capable of growth without a certain level of self acceptance - Relatedness – how you relate to other human beings - Involves empathy, compassion - Social species, desperately need to relate to others - IMPORTANT THEORISTS Freud (Freudian theory) - Came close to developing entire theory of personality - Closer than anyone - Mother was very indulgent, saw Sigmund as the greatest - When he was 2, event occurred impact on entire life - Mother became pregnant with first sibling - Freud wished death upon child, very jealous - Child died 8months - Freud felt extreme guilt for wish/ desire - Graduated from Vienna medical school, did not wish to practice medicine, wanted to research and study - Physiological institute – had to give up his position as he was Jewish - Textile manager – father, could not support Freud in medical school - Freud moved to psychiatry - Hypnotist – worked with - Freud was not good at hypnotism, did free association - Freud argued he could reach unconscious just as well - Freud’s goal in life was to make a monumental discovery that would lead to worldwide fame - Deep drive to achieve worldwide fame - Published book interpretation of dreams – finally began to get attention and fame he desired - Freud mastered many languages including German - Libido – expression of sexuality - ID, Ego, Superego - Ambivalence – positive or negative valence - Ego defense – little bit of lie may indicate healthy - Denial, we avoid unpleasant sights, refuse to discuss unpleasant topics - In some ways denial is healthy, extreme cases is an indication of poor mental health - Fantasy – to certain extent is healthy, creativity. Attempt to reduce feelings of guilt, anxiety, etc not uncommon to have romance fantasies, suffering hero fantasy (when I die, they’ll be sorry...), revenge, power - Freud does not talk about healthy personality - Identification – problem: could be fixation. Could become person you identify with - Introjection – values of another individual - Introjection value climate - Introjection (internalization) - If you can’t beat them join them, adapt their values Projection - Blame others not yourself for problems - Insist it is others with the problems - Morbid jealousy - Projectives – personality inventories - Rationalization – think of exquisite excuses and alibies - This is to convince ourselves that our behavior is not as absurd as it may seem - Eg do not want to go out, tell yourself, you are sick - Excuse for ill performance – rationalize by saying you were sick – no one gets mad at someone for doing poorly if they were sick at the time - Sour grapes / sweet lemon - Grapes were sour, but what I have is sweet Repression - Freud argued that early experiences may be so traumatic that you bury them within and repress them - Anything that is traumatic or disturbing, is repressed - Deeper than conscious denial - Reaction formation – conscious attitude towards something is negative, unconscious is positive - Eg partner in work is attractive and married – conscious acts cold and harshly towards them, unconscious is attracted to them Displacement - If you are frustrated by powerful person, take out anger on those weaker than yourself - Attack someone or something less powerful, makes you feel better - Can have very ugly outcomes - Scapegoat - Treaty of Versailles gave Germany no chance in economic survival, scapegoated the Jews Regression - Going back to period of time, where you felt much more secure and happy - When a grown man or woman throws a temper tantrum, this is regression - Not unusual for men in combat training to wet the bed - Stress sent them back to a time, even though they wet the bed, mom and dad were there to help and aid them - Thumb sucking - Patterns of behavior which is more appropriate earlier in life Sublimation - Freud argued all creative endeavors are based on sexual energy and is transformed into something acceptable - Painting, music, etc every creative attempt is sublimated sexual energy Thamatos – end result, cycle of life death, liberation that death may provide and aros – creative, beautiful, dancing - Frong argues we can be divided conveniently, bipholous individuals - Same thing exists today - Frong anatomy of human destructiveness - Hitler loved smell of death - Deepest satisfaction was destruction, not growth - Necropolis - Skinner said evil is anything that disrupts growth Psychosexual development - Oral, anal, phallic, libido - Oral – 0-1 year of age - Children put things in their mouth - Weaning - Libido is in the mouth - Then changes to anal region
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