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Chapter 11 jan 21.docx

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Don Morgenson

Chapter 11 – Jan 21 Test Break Down – Jan 31 - Chapter 11 or 12 - Chapter 11 – 29 questions – Emotions, stress, health - Chapter 12 – 21 questions – Motivation TA Sandy Dillion 210 King St. Office hours: Monday 2:00-3:00 pm Chapter 11 Theories of Emotion 1. Stimulus -> experience fear and then we experience autonomic (ANS) (arousal) 2. James Lange -> you see a bear, you run, and then you experience the emotion – it takes time for your emotions to come – these feelings are automatic but delayed a. Antoni Demoso – updated this theory recently – he says they were discussing somatic, says it occurs simultaneously so we don’t even know that it is occurring b. Gut reactions tell us if we should move further or not People can make purely cognitive decisions 3. Cannon--Barb Theory – agrees with James, Lange theory and adds the Thalamus – physiological changes occur at the same time - cortex and nervous system a. Suggests that with all experiences we have changes Physiological changes, emotional experience and behavior  needed to complete a theory of emotion No pattern that reliably predicts fear, pleasure, pain, frustration – the patterns are similar but we can’t seem to relate them logically Non-specific response 4. Stanley Schachter & Singer a. 2 factor theory i. Physiological changes ii. Cognitive changes - interpretation b. When given eforenin – based on their emotional surroundings they assume are the results of the drug e.g. if you are put with happy people – they think the drug has positive, arousal effects 5. Selemen – opponent process theory – a. The brain struggles to balance emotional feelings, so you may be feeling really happy and then start feeling depressed to compensate – your brain is trying to balance b. E.g. when jumping out of an airplane – fearful and scary to do it, but then it is followed by excitement and joy of a successful landing – another e.g. drugs – high followed by a dark low c. Optimal level of arousal that keeps you motivated, but not too motivated or stressed where you are negatively effected d. Introverts have a high resting level – have a high level of arousal e. Extroverts – suffer from sensation seeking – low level of arousal -> they are sensation seekers f. The brain struggles to balance – main concept of the theory 6. Paul Ekman – facial feedback theory of arousal a. If you smile do you experience more pleasure, general happiness? – normally yes b. Form facial muscles which resulted in a frown – others were asked to contract certain facial muscles that formed a smile – those who unknowingly formed a frown reported a more negative mood, vice versa c. Facial expressions dictate our moods and emotions d. Vascular Theory -> when you are saying EEeee your
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