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Lecture 7

Lecture 7

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Wilfrid Laurier University
Eileen Wood

Michael Matthews January 24, 2011 Lecture #7 • Language: Communicative o Some Language is private- for ourselves o Most Language is directed at and around others, social activity o Need to know the sound, words, sentence of languageAND principles of conversation • Conversation: Pragmatics o Knowing how to speak to whom o Child, loved one, stranger, employer, enemy, expert, etc. o “Knowing the right thing to do” • Structure of Language: o Phonemes:  Requires sounds  Sounds require physiology structures  This produces the sound of language (lips, lungs, tongue, etc.)  Smallest unit of sound recognized as separate in a given language (alphabet not the same)  Do not correspond to letters of alphabet (more phonemes then letters)  Meaningful perceptual units  Humans can produce 100’s of phonemes  No language uses all  About 40 phonemes in English (Other languages may have different numbers) o Morphemes  Fundamental unit of meaning  Combination of phonemes  More than 80,000 morphemes for the average person  Do not need to be words  Morphemes form words: • Some are single syllable words (hat, bat) • Some are single letters (s, ed) Michael Matthews January 24, 2011 How Many morphemes are in the word STRANGERS? 3! (Strange, r, s)
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