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Learning march 12.docx

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Don Morgenson

Learning – March 12, 2013 Habit - Abstract concept - The real measure is the response - Predict your response – than you can argue you have good habit strength - Explains to us why a response occurs Pavlov’s Measurements: Respondent habit Strength - Used a magnitude measure – counting the number of drops of saliva with a ring of a bell Latency - Time between the CS and CR - Those with the greater strength respond more quickly - With greater habit strength the latency will be much shorter (time between the CS and CR) Resistance to Extinction - Presented alone without the UCS - Measures how strong the habit is -Three measures typically used in a Pavlov experiment Skinner – Operant conditioning of habit strength Rate of Response - How many times does the rat press the bar - Rate of responding Resistance to Extinction - If people persist in the response to try to get the reward - Habit strength is not sufficient - Habit strength even though the measures are interesting and powerful – but how its argued is important Inhibition - Every hour you study, you build up inhibition towards not studying - Your brain has taken a time out – you need a break - E.g. when you are reading and after you finish you realize you don’t know what you just read - As inhibition builds up, you stop because you aren’t learning anything - Personality has an effect on inhibition - Allow the inhibition to dissipate and then go back and finish your work - You can offset inhibition by increasing your drive state - Drive + habit strength o Complicated o Not just + or – - As inhibition goes up, drive goes down - You need break to dissipate after inhibition becomes too much Motivation x habit – inhibition Albert Bandera - Emphasized observational learning - You learn by observing others – can learn to avoid or model yourselves after that kind of behavior - Very powerful - Toast Masters - Influenced by observational learning - You learn to reproduce behaviors that are exhibited by someone e.g. model - His experiment o The children who saw an adult beat up a bobo doll, the children became more aggressive behavior compared to the kids who saw an adult act very differently Why do people model themselves after others: 1. Prestige of the model – how important is a model to a child or adult 2. You are more likely to model yourselves after someone you feel affection e.g. parents 3. Attractiveness – what people see attractive in others can vary (people whom we identify as attractive) Vicarious Learning - Can be powerful - We learn the consequences of a particular behavior by learning the c
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