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Lecture 15

PS102 Lecture 15, 16 & 17 Chp 11

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Wilfrid Laurier University
Carolyn Ensley

Lecture 15 1617 Chp 11 3122013 100100 AM Chapter 11 Emotion Stress and HealthThe Nature of EmotionsEmotion is a state of arousal involving o Physiological changed in the face brain and body o Cognitive processes such as interpretation of events o Cultural influences that shape the experience and expression of emotion Emotions and the BodyPrimary Emotions o Emotions considered to be universal and biologically based o Generally include fear anger sadness joy surprise disgust and contempt Secondary Emotions o Emotions that develop with cognitive maturity and vary across individuals and cultureso Eg embarrassment shame jealousy you dont see them in children they develop over time and they mean different things in different culturesThe Face of emotionEvolutionary explanations say that emotions are hardwired and have survival functions o Evidence for the universality of 7 facial expressions of emotion Ekman 1997Anger happiness surprise disgusts sadness and contemptEmotions recognize crossculturalGenuine versus fake emotions can be distinguisheda fake smile last longer than a genuine smileEmotions and cultureSome emotions are more common in some cultures than othersAnger not tolerated in the Inuit threatens communitiesMost primary emotion in one remote area is the sadness when a loved one isnt nearby Functions of Facial ExpressionsFacial expressions reflect our internal feelings but can also influence themFaial feedback o The process by which the facial muscles send messages to the brain about the basic emotion being expressedEmotions help us communicate emotional states and signal others survival value o Begins in infancy babies convey emotions and can interpret parental expressions Facial Expressions and CultureCultural and social limits to the universal readability of facial expressions o People better at identifying emotions in own ethnic national or regional group o Facial expressions can have different meanings within a culture o Facial expressions do not always represent the emotion being experienced The Brain and EmotionPrefrontal cortex o The most forward part of the frontal lobes of the brainLeft prefrontal cortexInvolved in motivation to approach others damage results in loss of joyRight prefrontal cortexInvolved in withdrawal and escape damage results in excessive mania and euphoria o Linked to emotional regulationModifying and controlling what we feel Amygdala o A brain structure involved in the arousal and regulation of emotion and the initial emotional response to sensory informationo Assesses threat o Damage results in abnormality in processing fear o Fight or flight
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