Class Notes (835,244)
Canada (509,045)
Psychology (2,787)
PS102 (614)
Lecture 11

lecture 11.docx

5 Pages
87 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PS102
Professor
Carolyn Ensley
Semester
Fall

Description
 Biases in explaining our behaviour  Self-serving bias  Tendency, in explaining one's own behaviour, to take credit for good actions and rationalize mistakes  Group-serving bias  Tendency to explain favourably the behaviours of members of groups to which we belong (few people think they're part of "bad guys" in war)  Just-world hypothesis  Notion that people need to believe the world is fair and justice is served; bad people are punished and good people are rewarded  When assumption called into question, people may engage in attributions involving blaming the victim  Attitude Change  Attitudes may change w/ new experiences and info but also because of need for consistency  Cognitive dissonance: state of tension that occurs when person simultaneously holds two cognitions that are inconsistent; or when beliefs are incongruent w/ behaviour  Resolve by changing attitude/behaviour  Shifting Opinions  Attitudes and beliefs vulnerable to social influence  Familiarity effect: when people feel more positively toward a person, item, or product, the more familiar they are with it  Validity effect: when people believe a statement is true or valid simply because it has been repeated many times  Do Genes Influence Attitudes?  Attitudes are combination of learning, experience, and genetics  Religious affiliation (the religion chosen) isn't heritable; religiosity (the depth of religious feeling) has a genetic component  Political affiliation isn't heritable; political conservatism is highly heritable  What does that Mean?  The variability in openness to new experience and conscientiousness is related to variability in genes  This is linked to religion and politics  Less open tend to be more fundamentalist  More conscientious tend to be more politically conservative  What this does NOT mean  Religious affiliation isn't heritable  People choose a religious affiliation because of their parents or social class, etc.  Many people switch  This isn't heritable  BUT twins reared apart are similar in their religiosity  Do Genes Influence Attitudes?  Persuasion or "Brainwashing"  Brainwashing implies a person is unaware of why they change their minds  Is actually coercive persuasion  Designed to suppress an individual's ability to reason, think critically, and make choices in his/her own best interests  Coercive persuasion occurs when:  Person is subjected to entrapment  Criminal behaviour or money spent, etc.  Person's problems are reduced to one simple attribution, which is repeatedly emphasized  Person is offered a new identity and is promised salvation  Person's access to disconfirming (dissonant) information is severely controlled  Key is to dispel people's
More Less

Related notes for PS102

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit