Class Notes (834,979)
Canada (508,839)
Psychology (2,787)
PS102 (614)
Lecture

Psychology 102

118 Pages
40 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PS102
Professor
Carolyn Ensley
Semester
Winter

Description
o This is why pairing of pleasurable music or scenes occurs in advertising Learning to fear  May learn to fear any stimulus that is paired with something that elicits pain, surprise or embarrassment  Humans come biologically prepared to learn certain fears faster than others (evolutionary basis) example: snakes, spiders, heights  Easier to condition fears to these things then non threatening stimuli  Phobias: an exaggerated unrealistic fear of a specific situation, activity, or object  Example o The Case of Peter  Jones (1924) and Watson demonstrated that fears can also be unlearned (e.g Peter‟s fear of rabbits)  Counterconditioning: process of pairing a conditioned stimulus with a stimulus that elicits a response that is incompatible with an unwanted conditioned response o The Case of Little Albert  Classic Watson and Rayner (1920) experiment  Conditioned “little Albert” to be afraid of white rats by pairing the neutral stimulus (rats) with an unconditioned stimulus (loud noises)  Days later, fear had also generalized to other furry objects Accounting for Taste  Classical conditioning can explain how we learn to like and dislike many foods and odours  Researchers have taught animals to dislike foods/odours by pairing them with drugs that cause nausea or other unpleasant symptoms  Example: Seligman and dislike of Béarnaise sauce, the “Garcia effect” and biological preparedness Original Reflexes
More Less

Related notes for PS102

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit