Class Notes (835,008)
Canada (508,866)
Psychology (2,787)
PS102 (614)
Eileen Wood (192)
Lecture 5

PS102 - Lecture 5.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

Eileen Wood

Language & Thought Lecture 5 Properties of Language • Creative • Structural • Meaningful • Communicative Creative • Effortlessly create new sentences - Have a finite vocab that can be combined in infinite ways - Wanna go out for dinner? - Want to fetch some grub? - Would like to dine out? Structure • Although creative – there are rules • These are regularities of language (not necessarily grammar rules) - Ex. can end a sentence with a preposition and be understood, can’t say “dinner the” Meaningful • Each word represents an idea - Object (cat or dog), action (bites), abstraction, quality… • Grammar/structure also contribute to the ideas - Dog bites cat or cat bites dog (think of a picture of a dog biting a cat or vice versa) Communicative • Some language is private – for ourselves (inside voice) • Most language is directed at and around others, social activity (writing, decoding, speaking etc.) • Need to know the sounds, words, sentences of languages & principles of conversation Conversation: Pragmatic (how we speak to others) • Knowing how to speak to whom • Difference between talking to a child, loved one, stranger, employer, enemy, expert etc. Structure of Language • Phonemes • Morphemes • Syntax Phonemes (ex. sounds you can produce in English) • Requires sounds • Sounds require physiological structure • Diagram* • Smallest unit of sound recognized as separate in a given language • Do not correspond to letters of alphabet • Meaningful perceptual units • Basic unit of sounds that we can recognize • Humans can produce 100s of phonemes - No language uses all - About 40 phonemes in English - Other languages may have different numbers Morpheme • Fundamental unit of meaning • Combination of phonemes • Engl
More Less

Related notes for PS102

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.