• Everyday experience (getting locked out)
• Problem solve about everything we are going to do
• Goal directed – problem requires a goal
Initial State Set of Operations Goal State
Set of Operations
• Interpret (frame) and understand the problem
• Generate hypotheses or possible solutions
• Test the solutions, hypothesis, seeking to disconfirm one or more of them
• Evaluate results and if necessary, revise steps 1, 2 & 3
So How Do You Solve The Problem?
• What are the operations?
• How do you select these?
• Depends on your preferences and experience/ knowledge and the situation
Skills in Problem Solving Develop Over Time and Experience
• Step-by-step scripts for selecting information
• Experts: great many schemas for problem solving
• How would a locksmiths approach the problem?
- A carpenter? A police officer?
• Experience develops schemas and they help to solve specialized classes of problems
Experts and Novices are different problem solvers
• Novices - Novices rely on general problem solving methods
- Use working memory versus long-term
- Large # of schemas to guide problem solving in their field
• Development of Expertise
- Feature detectors (expert neurons) in brain become quicker & stronger
So How Do You Solve the Problem