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Lecture 8

Class 4, Lecture 8, Chapter 6– Interconnections between Acquisition and Retrieval .docx

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Wilfrid Laurier University
Carolyn Ensley

Class 4, Lecture 8, Chapter 6 – Interconnections between Acquisition and Retrieval Learning as Preparation for Retrieval  Recall that when we learn, we make connections between the newly acquired material and representations already in memory.  These connections serve as retrieval paths when we need to remember the new material.  State-dependent learning – new material is most likely to be recalled when the person is in the same mental, emotional, or biological state as when the material was learned.  For example, materials learned while on land are best recalled while on land, and materials learned while underwater are best recalled while underwater.  Context reinstatement, or recreating the context that was present during learning, will improve memory performance. o Fisher & Craik (1977) presented participants with word pairs and asked them to remember the second word. The first word served as context. o The word pairs were either semantically related or rhymed. o During testing, the prime words were presented as cues or hints.  Two effects were observed:  Depth of processing effect – thinking about meaning at the time of encoding provides an advantage, compared to thinking about rhyming at encoding.  Context reinstatement effect – having the same kind of context du
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