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Lecture 5

PS260 Lecture 5 notes

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Wilfrid Laurier University
Lawrence Murphy

Thursday January 17 2013h Witt, Linkenauger, Backdash, and Proffitt - Participants putted into a practice putting hole  Difficult: just over 7 feet  Easy: just under 1 ½ feet  Estimate whole? People with easy estimate as larger - Same thing with golf scores… people who do better rate the whole as bigger  The sense impacts one another…  Our physical state at the time influences our perception  Our perception influences our performance  If you imagine that the task is simple... it makes it easier Consciousness - Access consciousness: what the cognitive system is actually doing - Phenomenal consciousness: knowledge of what our cognitive system is doing - Monitoring consciousness: ability to reflect on one’s cognitive processing - Self-consciousness: general knowledge of self Most cognitive processes occur outside of phenomena consciousness making self-report highly suspect - Signal detection theory  Perceptual experiences are the joint product of: • sensitivity of the particular sensory system Ex. Basketball players- Nash (widen peripheral vision): able to see things and sense things better than other people • response bias (willingness to report the perception) Dissociations in consciousness - authorship Processing:  our tendency to assign or not assign responsibility to something happening (example wiji boards) Illusion of conscious control - results from close proximity between relevant thought and action - Wegner, Sparrow, and Winerman (2004)  Confederate in back is given commands  Passive participants: • Looking in mirror • Hears commands • Does not hear commands  Dependent variable: rate degree to which you feel you are consciously willing the arm movement  Results: higher rating when heard command than when did not hear command • Phenomenal consciousness in the absence of access consciousness Metcalfe and Greene (2007) - Investigated metacognition of one’s sense of agency - Participants played video game in whi
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