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Lecture 14

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Wilfrid Laurier University
Carolyn Ensley

Lecture 14Chapter 10 LanguageLecture OutlineOrganization of LanguagePhonologyWordsSyntaxSentence ParsingBiological Roots of LanguageLanguage and ThoughtMcGurk Effect The McGurk effect is a perceptual phenomenon that demonstrates an interaction between hearing and vision in speech perception The illusion occurs when the auditory component of one sound is paired with the visual component of another sound leading to the perception of a third soundThe visual information a person gets from seeing a person speak changes the way they hear the soundChapter 10 LanguageKnowing language is a key part of being human it is a human universal and no other species has as complex a communicative systemLanguage is essential for a huge range of human achievements Without it cultural transmission of information and the acquisition of knowledge would be much more limitedThe Organization of LanguageAt a basic level language involves translating thoughts into series of sounds that can be spokenThe listener then converts these series of sounds back into thoughtsLanguage has a hierarchical organization that allows these translations between thought and soundThe Organization of LanguageSentencea coherent sequence of words that expresses meaningIn English has to contain noun phrase and verb phrase Wordthe smallest free form in a languageMorphemethe smallest unit of sound that can carry meaning in a languagePhonemethe smallest unit of sound that can distinguish words in a language 46 WordsFor each word that a speaker knows there are several kinds of informationPhonologythe sequence of phonemes that make up the wordOrthographyhow the word is spelled if the person is literateSyntaxhow to combine the word with other wordsSemanticswhat the word means WordsA referent is the actual object action or event in the world that a word refers toA large part of knowing a word is knowing the relevant concept
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