Class Notes (837,697)
Canada (510,399)
Psychology (2,794)
PS268 (132)
Bruce Mc Kay (119)
Lecture

PS 268: Drugs & Behaviour Lecture 1

10 Pages
326 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PS268
Professor
Bruce Mc Kay
Semester
Winter

Description
Lec 1­ Drugs & Behaviour 01/10/2014 Overview: What is a drug? ­alcohol ­cannabis ­cocaine ­amphetamine ­MDMA ­meth Causes a physiological effect Must be introduced into the body What is a drug? What is a psychoactive drug? Drug – A chemical substance that, when taken into the body alters the structure or functioning of the body  in some way Food is not a drug – What do we really mean by “drug use” or a “drug problem”? ­It’s imperative to always collect DATA ­avoid meaningless statements like “(s)he uses drugs” Who? What? When? Where? Why? How? How much? Who gets into more harms (gets into more trouble) from binge drinking – males or females? Risk Factors include: Community, parental, and peer attitudes and behaviours Antisocial/problem behaviours Poor school performance Early­life stressors (self­medicate) (e.g., ­“rat parks”) Acute (current) stressors (self­medicate) Mental illnesses (self­medicate) Boredom Curiosity Desire to have fun Protective factors include: Involvement in religious activities Perceived risk of drug use Parental involvement – how much did they read to you? Some things that are correlated: ­Rap music and violence ­Country music and suicide ­Asking for divine intervention when drowning, and saved Survey finding: marijuana smoking is correlated to low grades in high school Possible “causes”: Smoking marijuana causes the user to get lower grades Antecedents of Drug Use ­antecedent = a factor that occurs before an event such as the initiation of drug use ­still not labeled “causes” ­examples of antecedents: aggressiveness conduct problems poor academic performance attachment to a drug­using peer group parental and community norms that support drug use A gateway substance is: A substance that, if used by a younger person, increases the likelihood of other drugs being used when the  person is older A substance that if used by a person of any age, increases the likelihood of the use of other drugs (usually  the later use of “hard” drugs) The use of which drug best predicts subsequent “hard drug” use? Tobacco  Why take drugs? We all do things that we know, logically, we should not do Eating too much Driving too fast Drinking too much Human curiosity Societal, community, and family factors play an important role in whether an individual tries a drug Fads and cultural trends influence what drugs are used Raves Changing attitudes towards drugs results in changes in the law Early government approach (1800s) Laissez­faire Subsequent approach (1900s and onwards) Control What caused this shift in approach? Effects of Drug Use to Society Deaths Emergency room visits Drugs in the workplace and lost productivity Broken homes, illnesses, shor
More Less

Related notes for PS268

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit