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Lecture

Social Psych Lecture 23.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PS270
Professor
Christian Jordan
Semester
Fall

Description
Social Psych Lecture 23 11/04/2013 AGGRESSION  Any behaviour intended to cause physical or psychological pain  Intentional harm Whether successful or not Has to have the INTENT of harm Hostile aggression ▯ stems from anger and aims at hurting another person  Instrumental aggression ▯ also intended to hurt, but in order to achieve another goal, sports, one player  may want to do some damage to another player to increase their chances of winning the game  “The Aggression Machine”  similar to Milgram’s study some variable will be manipulated that the researchers want to know participant makes their own decision how severe the shock should be if they are being more aggressive, they will administer a higher shock Studying aggression in the lab looking at how children play with toys is another example  taste test study, you believe you are preparing food for someone to taste, they have indicated their  preferences saying that they are really sensitive to spice, they dump the spicy sauce and can choose how  much you put on the food Situational factors: Alcohol intoxication  Alcohol lowers self­awareness Bars in London, Ont Domestic violence  Cause or “prepared excuse”? Experimental evidence – e.g., insults and shock (Pihl et al.) MacDonald, Zanna, & Holmes Married or dating participants recalled a relationship conflict Typically conducted with men, women could potentially be pregnant without knowing it  Weigh them, determine the degree of alcohol they need to reach alcohol intoxication  Then drank vodka (BAC .08), a placebo drink, or no drink  Intoxicated participants: Expressed more negative emotions in response to the conflict Had more negative views of their partner  Situational factors: Pain and discomfort  Pain Animals in pain they cannot escape will almost invariably attack Cold immersion and aggression Temperature  Bodily discomfort  Things that smell bad, smells even worse, humid experience Closely related to violent crime, likelihood of riots  Study shows that as the temperature increases, increase in the likelihood of riots occurring  Professional baseball Experimental Data Participants in a hot room (32 degrees Celsius) rather than a normal room Report feeling more aggressive Express more hostility toward a stranger (Griffitt & Veitch, 1971) Complete ambiguo
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