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Lecture

Aggression.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PS270
Professor
Anne Wilson
Semester
Winter

Description
What is Aggression? o Aggression: physical or verbal behaviour intended to hurt o Can include physical harm (punch, kick), verbal harm (gossip, insult), decision to  harm (choosing high shock level) o Need intent to hurt  o Gossip to ruin a reputation? Can be intended to cause pain o Surgeon amputating a limb? Not intended to cause pain  Types of Aggression: o Hostile aggression: rage, anger, intent/goal is to injure (hot) o Instrumental aggression: planned, unemotional, means to an end, tiger stalking  its prey, bank robber shooting a witness not because they don’t like the person but  because they do not want them to provide information to the police (cool) o Which type is? • Terrorism: instrumental • Attacking the person you find in bed with your partner: hostile • Shooting a robbery witness: instrumental • Swearing at someone at the bar who spilled your drink: hostile  • Going to war: instrumental  • Spreading gossip: instrumental  o Physical/direct: directly going after someone physically  o Social/indirect: rather than directly going after someone, you spread rumours  about them o Stereotype that men are usually direct while women are more indirect with  aggression (both men and women engage in both types of aggression) Nature vs. Nurture: o Is there some type of aggression instinct? o Thought that humans have a drive towards aggression (innate and universal) o Evolution helps to explain some hardwired tendencies (there are si
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