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Lecture 5

WEEK 5 notes

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Diane Glebe

WEEK 5- PHYSICAL GROWTH Infancy through childhood  Course & sequence of physical growth -regular and predictable both boys grow taller and heavier in a smooth, continues manner Distance curves - plot average height/weight at each age - distance term means how far children get to each year.. where they get to in terms of progressing towards adult - can be used to compare individual children.. - throughout childhood, girls do tend to be little bit lighter and shorter than boys - that ends up getting revered around 11-13?, reverts back for the rest of development - growth norms Velocity curves -plot amount of increase -rate/ amount of growth -first few years of life, still growing, rate and amount of growth growth, not getting a lot heavier -still growing, not growing as much , around 3-11ish.. until puberty, adolescence -growth spurts- humps on the graph, show growth spurt. General principles of physical development (Arnold Gesell) *he was also a student, made very detailed observations, among first to film children 1. Different rates of development -Most noticible in infancy and adolescence (growth different ) -6-9 everyone a litte more consistent, growth pattern similar 2. Invariant sequence of development -orderly sequence *Cephalo-caudal principal -tendency for dev. To occur head downwards *Proximal- distal principle -tendency for dev. To occur from torso out -gains control of his body first ( baby rolling around before he could walk or crawl) 3. Principle of differentiation -tendency for physical responses to move from global reactions to controlled reactions (uncoordinated to complex, coordinated, voluntary control) 4.principle of asynchronous growth -different rates for different body parts -torso increases 3 times from birth to maturity Physical changes 1. enlarge the number of range of experiences open to children -impact how they think, feel , interact 2.alter the interactions children have with their environment and the people in that environment.. -Ex. Shortest child in the class has differe
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