Cognitive Development – Throughout Childhood * on midterm
Concepts/Terms of Piaget
-mental rep of something , organized info that we put together somehow
-ex say car, we have a scheme of a car
-schemes change and develop based on our experience
-can have schemes for ways of doing things, such as studying. Or solving problems
-tendency of organisms to change cause of environment
-learn how to influence it in some kind of way
-process of incorporating new information into existing scheme
-in which you incorporate new information into the scheme
-don’t take in new material, also filter or modify that information so it can fit
-ex. Give infant new object they have never seen before, they put it in their mouth.
Everything is like food to them.. goes with their food scheme, sucking scheme
-red car, look mummys car!
-mummys coat ( everything that looks like it or is similar to it)
-person encounters situation that cant be handled by an existing scheme,
creates disequilibrium ( imbalance) between what you know and what you’re
-teachers often use it by often causing disequilibrium, makes students wan to figure
it out. Things that don’t make sense because doesn’t fit our understanding.
- in order
- no skipping
- pass through these stages at different rates
- can be at different stages in different areas Decalages
-At different stages on different tasks
-Different stages on the same task
-Shifting especially at stage transitions
STAGE 1 :SENSORIMOTOR STAGE (birth-2 yrs)
-infants explore the world with sensori and motor skills ( called sensori- moror
-infants learn patterns, relationships with motor behaviour and resulting reactions..
they do something, something happens.
-sensori motor subdivided into 6 stages cause so much happens first 2 years
SUBSTAGE 1 : Reflexive Schemes (0-1 month)
-1 schmes formed from inborn reflexes
-reflexive become self-initiaged activity
SUBSTAGE 2: Primary Circular Reactions ( 1-4 months)
-infant has new experience by change and tries to repeat it ( ex. Thumb sucking..
first starts when hand accidently comes into their mouth, if the hand moves, the
baby tries to move it back)
-involves organizing (bringing together) 2 previously serpate body
(i.e. repeatedly bringing hand to face)
baby associated diff movements and schemes actively- called schemes
SUBSTAGE 3: Secondary Circular Reactions (4-8 months)
-infant discovers and reproduces an interesting event outside of self
-wstre the event and action occur by chance
-1 thing or time that happened was accidental
SUBSTAGE 4: The Coordination of Secondary Schemes
-learn to coordinate 2 separate schemes/ behaviours in order to get a result
-behaviours intentional or goal-directed (