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Lecture 6

WEEK 6 notes

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Wilfrid Laurier University
Diane Glebe

DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY WEEK 6 Cognitive Development – Throughout Childhood * on midterm Concepts/Terms of Piaget schemes/ schemata -mental rep of something , organized info that we put together somehow -ex say car, we have a scheme of a car -schemes change and develop based on our experience -can have schemes for ways of doing things, such as studying. Or solving problems Adaptation -tendency of organisms to change cause of environment -learn how to influence it in some kind of way -process of incorporating new information into existing scheme Assimilation -in which you incorporate new information into the scheme -don’t take in new material, also filter or modify that information so it can fit preexisting scheme. -ex. Give infant new object they have never seen before, they put it in their mouth. Everything is like food to them.. goes with their food scheme, sucking scheme - Accommodation -red car, look mummys car! -mummys coat ( everything that looks like it or is similar to it) Equilibration -person encounters situation that cant be handled by an existing scheme, creates disequilibrium ( imbalance) between what you know and what you’re experiencing . -teachers often use it by often causing disequilibrium, makes students wan to figure it out. Things that don’t make sense because doesn’t fit our understanding. 4 stages - in order - no skipping - pass through these stages at different rates - can be at different stages in different areas Decalages -At different stages on different tasks -Different stages on the same task -Shifting especially at stage transitions STAGE 1 :SENSORIMOTOR STAGE (birth-2 yrs) -infants explore the world with sensori and motor skills ( called sensori- moror intelligence) -infants learn patterns, relationships with motor behaviour and resulting reactions.. they do something, something happens. -sensori motor subdivided into 6 stages cause so much happens first 2 years SUBSTAGE 1 : Reflexive Schemes (0-1 month) -1 schmes formed from inborn reflexes -reflexive become self-initiaged activity -i.e.- sucking SUBSTAGE 2: Primary Circular Reactions ( 1-4 months) -infant has new experience by change and tries to repeat it ( ex. Thumb sucking.. first starts when hand accidently comes into their mouth, if the hand moves, the baby tries to move it back) -involves organizing (bringing together) 2 previously serpate body movements/schemes (i.e. repeatedly bringing hand to face) baby associated diff movements and schemes actively- called schemes SUBSTAGE 3: Secondary Circular Reactions (4-8 months) -infant discovers and reproduces an interesting event outside of self -wstre the event and action occur by chance -1 thing or time that happened was accidental SUBSTAGE 4: The Coordination of Secondary Schemes -learn to coordinate 2 separate schemes/ behaviours in order to get a result -behaviours intentional or goal-directed (
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