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Lecture

PS280.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PS280
Professor
John Stephens
Semester
Winter

Description
History of Psychopathology   "Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it."   Pre­scientific inquiry  Mental disorders were believed to be caused by:  Events beyond the control of humankind, such as eclipses, earthquakes, storms,  fire, diseases were regarded as supernatural  Behavior that seemed outside individual control was subject to similar  interpretation   Thus, many early philosophers, theologians, and physicians believed that deviant  behavior reflected the displeasure of the gods or possession by demons  Demonology  Demonology: The doctrine that an evil being, such as the devil, may dwell within a  person and control his/her mind and body  Found in record of early Chinese, Egyptians, Babylonians and Greeks  Given that abnormal behavior was caused by possession, treatment often involved  exorcism   Ranged from elaborate rites of prayer to flogging  and starvation as a way of rendering the body  uninhabitable to devils  Trepanning  Involved the making of a surgical opening in a living skull by some instrument  Treatment used by Stone Age or Neolithic cave dwellers  Used to treat epilepsy, headaches, and psychological disorders attributed to  demons   Thought to be introduced into the Americas from Siberia   Practice was most common in Peru and Bolivia,   3 British­Columbia Aboriginal specimens found   Hippocrates (ca. 460–377 B.C)  Separated medicine from religion, magic, and superstition   Rejected belief that the gods sent physical diseases and mental disturbances as  punishment   Insisted that illnesses had natural causes thus should be treated like other  illnesses    Somatogenesis vs. Psychogenesis  Hippocrates is one of the earliest proponents of somatogenesis  Somatogenesis (genesis = origin) 
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