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Lecture 11

PS280 Lecture 11 – Feb. 15 copy.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PS280
Professor
John Stephens
Semester
Winter

Description
PS280 Lecture 11Wednesday February 15 2012NicotineoneofthemostaddictingthingsknowntomanONEXAMcravingChapterOutlineAlcoholAbuseandDependenceInhalantUseDisorderSedativesandStimulantsLSDandOtherHallucinogensEtiologyofSubstanceAbuseandDependenceTherapyforAlcoholAbuseandDependenceTherapyfortheUseofIllicitDrugsTreatmentforCigaretteSmokingPreventionofSubstanceUseSubstanceAbuseandDependencePathologicaluseofsubstancesfallsintotwocategoriesoSubstanceabuseoSubstancedependenceSubstanceDependenceSubstancedependencepresenceofatleastthreeofthefollowingdurationof12monthsoDevelopmentoftoleranceneedingmoreandmoretogettothesamedesirablestateoWithdrawalsymptomsexperienceapsychologicalandphysiologicalpushpullwhenyoutrytostopTop2arethebestindicatorsONEXAMCravingasinglecravingis815minuteslongrelativelybriefKnowingthatthefullblowncravingwilldissipateafter815minutesisabigdealNICOLECantstopthinkingaboutitfeelagitatedifyoucanthaveitmakesyoufocusonitmorehugecognitiveelementemotionalelementaswellfeelslikecrueltyoUsesofsubstanceorusesitforlongertimeoRecognizesexcessiveuseofthesubstanceoMuchoftimeisspentineffortstoobtainthesubstanceorrecoverfromitseffectsoUsecontinuesdespitepsychologicalorphysicalproblemsoPersongivesuporcutsbackparticipationinmanyactivitiesSubstanceAbuseSubstanceabusemustexperienceoneofthefollowingasaresultofrecurrentuseofthedrugdurationof12monthsoFailuretofulfillmajorobligationsnothandinginassignmentsoExposuretophysicaldangersoLegalproblemsoPersistentsocialorinterpersonalproblemsAlcoholAbuseandDependenceAlcoholdependencemayincludetoleranceorwithdrawalreactionsoPeoplewhoarephysicallydependentonalcoholtendtohavemoreseveresymptomsofthedisorderAlcoholabusedoesnotincludephysicallydependenceortoleranceAlcoholabuseordependenceisoftenpartofpolydrugorpolysubstanceabuseoUsingorabusingmorethanonedrugatatimeoExample80to85ofalcoholabusersaresmokersPrevalenceandComorbidityIntheUSprevalenceratesoLifetimeprevalencerateforalcoholabuse178and47o12monthprevalencerateforalcoholdependence125and38
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