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Lecture 4

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Colleen Loomis

st PS282 Community Psych Lecture 4 October 1 , 2012 Video: Better Beginnings, Better Futures Programs • 3 primary goals: • Program must be: ◦ Comprehensive ◦ Universally accessible ◦ 7 years in duration ◦ High quality ◦ Focus on child, family and community • 4 programs ◦ Child & family ▪ Home visiting ▪ Toy lending ▪ Before and after school activities ◦ School focused ▪ Enrichment workers assisting children in classrooms ▪ Nutrition programs ◦ Parent focused ◦ Community focused Chapter 11: Empowerment & Citizen Participation Empowerment in Community Psychology • An intentional, ongoing process centered in a local community, involving mutual respect, critical reflection, caring, and group participation, through which people lacking an equal share of resources gain greater access to and control over those resources ◦ Collective efficacy ◦ Empowerment in Community Psychology • Empowerment involves: ◦ Gaining and exercising greater power ◦ Cognitive, emotional and behavioural components ◦ Mutual and reciprocal relationships in settings ◦ Multiple levels ▪ Empowerment does not necessarily transfer across all levels Empowerment & Citizen Participation • Empowerment is ◦ Contextual ▪ Complex, dynamic, changes over time, where you are, who you are ◦ Limited ▪ Empowerment of one group can be at the extent of another ▪ Have to be careful about what the expense it st PS282 Community Psych Lecture 4 October 1 , 2012 ▪ Empowerment doesn't always lead to real change • Citizen participation ◦ Decision making ◦ Voice in deliberation of community issues ◦ Means to an end ▪ Can increase commitment or community acceptance of a plan ◦ An end itself Citizen Participation • Research on citizen participation suggests ◦ Can increase quality of decisions in an organization ◦ Can promote effective leadership & goal achievement ◦ Issues ▪ Time • Less efficient ▪ Conflict • When someone jumps to a solution, someone may have conflict with it • May not lead to a better product but can improve quality ▪ Resources required at the outset What do we mean by power? • Who has it? • How does it fit in a social structure? • How is it used? • When is it used? • Why is it used? ◦ As a means?As an end itself? • How can it be abused? Types of Power • Power over ◦ Someone has power over us ▪ e.g.) Professor • Power to ◦ Individual power ▪ I, myself, have power to ... do whatever I want • Power from ◦ To be able to resist the power over ▪ e.g.) Power to resist someone trying to persuade you • Integrative power ◦ Can be used as a tool for liberation ◦ Develop the capacity to work together ◦ People have relationships together st PS282 Community Psych Lecture 4 October 1 , 2012 Gaventa's Instruments of Social Power • Power can be used to ◦ Control resources ▪ Same as
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