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Lecture 5

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Colleen Loomis

th PS282 Community Psych Lecture 5 October 15 , 2012 Mid-term Information • Multiple Choice ◦ 50 questions, 75 minutes • From Week 1 – today: ◦ Prevention & Promotion: Key Concepts ▪ Prevention Equations ◦ Prevention & Promotion: Implementing Programs ◦ Prevention & Promotion: Better Beginnings Research ◦ Empowerment & Citizen Participation ◦ Community & Social Change • Focus on where lecture & textbook readings most overlap Chapter 12: Community & Social Change Why Social Change? • Change is intertwined ◦ Individual level • Communities have a basic right to self-determination ◦ Community level ◦ Communities decide what is right for them ▪ Have boundaries that are someone permeable ▪ Use social science concepts and knowledge to help determine what their self- determination is • Applying science to social change ◦ Societal level ◦ Change happens all the time ◦ Need to recognize that community psychology is alternative paradigm for psychology ◦ see Debate Video (Social Change and Academia Part 1) ▪ What's the role of the therapist in activism and vice versa? ▪ We haven't created a just world – even with all this theorizing • e.g.) We know all this information and can't do anything to better communities ◦ Innocent people are still dying ▪ Research for justice ◦ Need solidarity methodology ▪ We cannot wait for perfect theories ▪ Reflection without action is useless ◦ Action without reflection can be dangerous ▪ We're after justice, not accountability th PS282 Community Psych Lecture 5 October 15 , 2012 Tools for Change • Encourages citizens to consciously examine and direct change processes ◦ Understand tool kits available to them to examine and direct change • Deliberate change efforts are needed ◦ Needed in order to ensure change is more effective ▪ e.g.) for stronger and healthier children PICO – Pacific Institute for Community Organizing * Low income communities came together and decided they needed to help empower their citizens by teaching them tools: • Cycle of Organizing (see slide diagram) ◦ Assessment ◦ Research ▪ What is going on with the issue? ▪ Relate to ParticipatoryAction Research (PAR) ◦ Mobilization/Action ◦ Reflection A. Seven Community Organizing Techniques 1. Community Coalitions  Bring together a broad representation of citizens within a locality  Focus is at the organizational level • Bringing together different organizations to work on one issue ➢ e.g.) In Washington DC, issue of Syphilis amongAfricanAmerican's in the 90s • Coalition formed with physicians, dentists, schools, media, public service organizations  Coalitions' model of change tends to • Articulate a mission • Write action plans & build legitimacy • Seek funding • Implement programs 2. Consciousness Raising  Increasing citizens' critical awareness of social conditions & energizing their involvement • Social conditions ➢ e.g.) How many women are affected in society by Breast Cancer? • Energizing involvement ➢ Awareness to involvement ➢ Building relationships to 1 on 1 relationships to larger displays • e.g.) Films  Video (Raising Consciousness (1/2) – Richard Dawkins @ UC Berkeley - youtube) • Protests labelling children – use “people first” language th PS282 Community Psych Lecture 5 October 15 , 2012 ➢ e.g.) “Catholic child”, “Muslim child”, “Conservative”, “Liberal” • They are simply children of catholic, muslim, conservative and liberal parents • Strategies used to raise consciousness ➢ Draws parallels between two things that have shared characteristics ➢ Makes multiple points and not just one way of saying something ➢ Uses his celebrity power ➢ Humour – to make it safe (we can poke fun)  9 stages of community readiness (p. 395) 3. SocialAction  Identifies obstacles to empowerment and create constructive conflict to remove them  Base
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