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PS286 (31)

Basic Sport Psych Paradigm

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Wilfrid Laurier University
Richard Ennis

September 10, 2012 Lecture 1 The Basic Model - Paradigm for looking at classes of variables - Sport environment x (Athlete  performance  outcomes) o Individual or team o Athlete  Development of talent and ability  Motivation vs. ability (motivation can be altered easier)  Personality they bring to the team  Preparation (nutrition, health, etc.)  All of this can be assessed before the actual sport is played o Performance  Behavioral aspect  Response to ongoing flow of the game  What they bring to the game influences the behavior o Outcomes  Statistical events  Product of what the athlete brings to game and what they do with it o Environment  External to the athlete and what they’re doing, but still have a great impact Two General Approaches: Applied vs. Theoretical - Vertical axis: Applied to theoretical - Horizontal axis: Psychology to sport - Between applied and sport = consultation (not a huge field in Canada) - Between theoretical and sport = research - Applied o Promoting success and well-being of athletes  Well-being = mental problems (clinical backgrounds)  Success = social psych backgrounds …not trained to handle clinical problems - Theoretical o Relationship between sport and psychology The Many Faces of Sport - Recreational vs. competitive o Recreational  Simply exercise  Diversion o Competitive  Out to win  Make a living - Youth vs. Adult o Certain
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