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Lecture notes 1-4

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Wilfrid Laurier University
Alexandra Gottardo

Monday September 9 2013 th Week 1 Lecture 1 Exceptionality:  differs from the norm  require individualized program to fully benefit from education Who is exceptional? Differs from average on: - mental characteristics - sensory abilities - communication - behaviour/emotional characteristics - physical characteristics Average? - (Brofenbrenneur) context… culture… socioeconomic status Exceptional leaders - Diverse, different from typical or average - Need for special(ized) education to fulfill potential Impairment: - Loss or reduced function - Ex. Can’t walk… Disability: - Impairment limits ability to perform a task Handicap: - Disadvantage imposed on person by society - Leads to educational, personal, social or vocational problems Inability vs. disability Disability: - Inability to do something that most people with typical maturation, opportunity or instruction can do - Examples of missing opportunities or instruction Oscar Pistorius motto: born without fibula… he learned to walk and run… records of running 100m, 10.91 secs… discuss impairment, disability and handicap….. Wednesday September 11 2013 th Week 1 Lecture 2 CSL sign up September 16 after 4:00pm Friday September 13 2013h Week 1 Lecture 3 *Broffenbreneur reading due next class Labeling: Should people with exceptionalities be given labels? Pros: - Identify real difference - Communicate among professionals - Tolerate/ accept differences - Allocate services, accommodations & funding - Advocacy Cons: - Permanent - Not address educational & therapeutic needs - Expect certain behaviour - Contain children in categories - Stigma & self-esteem - Based on the pros and cons list, should persons with exceptionalities be labeled? - If no, what are the alternatives? Prevalence & incidence  Prevalence: totally number or percentage of cases of a condition in population  Incidence: - Number of new cases identified over period of time - Record trends and discover reasons for trends High vs. low incidence: - High incidence:  Common disabilities  Learning disabilities, emotional disturbance, speech/ language disorders - Low incidence  Rare disabilities  Blindness severe developmental delays Special education - Specially designed instruction to meet the needs of exceptional students - Individualized, outcome directed - Prevent, eliminate or overcome obstacles Special education -
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