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Lecture 1.docx

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Pamela Sadler

Lecture 1 : An Interpersonal Theory Perspective of Normal and Abnormal Behaviour How is abnormal behaviour defined? What are the links between abnormal and normal behaviour? How perpetuates abnormal behaviour? How do you treat abnormal behaviour? Interpersonal Theory  A theory about personality and social interaction  forces at play that occur when we interact with people  Theory of personality : describes consistent, stable differences Theory of social interaction : describes forces at play that leads us to engage in give and take when  interacting with people  There are 2 unrelated dimensions y-axis : dominance (status, control), submissive on other side x-axis : friendliness (warmth, love), hostile on other side Quadrants: The segments are fuzzy set (meaning that the boundaries are not so clear cut with peoples personalities)  Related to the big five personality factors : Openness, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, Neuroticism extraversion and agreeableness fit with the Interpersonal Theory Personalities agreeableness goes between friendly and submissive, unagreeableness goes between dominant and hostile. Extraversion goes between dominant and friendly, and introversion goes between hostile and submissive ex. Bill : warm person, Bob : grouchy personality : is stable, bill is consistently warm, bob is consistently cold social interaction : how some acts to bill compares differently to how to act toward bob. Responsiveness and interpersonal behaviour depends on who you are acting towards Interpersonal Circle / Circumplex  As the trait moves out to the outer layer the trait becomes more stronger/intense.  Traits 45 degrees from each other are unrelated. Those 90 degrees are the opposite of each other Difficult Styles and Psychopathology  This are located on the outside of the circumplex (ex. Extreme behaviours of hostile). These people are rigid with their personalities and do not change that much when they interact with different people (compared to normal people who do) Complementarity  Tendency to evoke similar behaviour on friendliness axis ex. Friendliness should pull friendliness from someone else, Hostile should pull hostile from someone else  Tendency to evoke opposite behaviour on the dominance axis ex. Dominance should pull submission, submission should pull dominance from someone else Types of Complementarity Complementarity behaviours : pull opposite behaviours on dominance axis, and similar behaviours on friendliness axis
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