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Lecture 2

RE213 Lecture 2: RE 213 – Week 2

5 Pages
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Department
Religion & Culture
Course Code
RE213
Professor
Meena Sharify- Funk

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RE 213 Week 2
- Thursday a critical reflection is due
The life and legacy of the Prophet Muhammad
- Pre- Islamic Arabia
o Jahiliyyah = Age of Ignorance
o Two powerful civilizations:
Byzantine and Sassanian Dynasties
o Dynasties were competitive with trying to rule Arabia
o Byzantine Dynasty
By 570 CE, occupied the lands in Syria, Egypt and Southern Europe
Capital was Constantinople
Dominant religion: Eastern Christianity
o Sassanian Dynasties
By 570 CE, occupied Iran, Iraq and the lands of Central Asia
Capital was Ctesiphon
Dominant religion: Zoroastrianism
Was and always have been outside forces that have come into arabia to
create issues
- Arabia: Land of Aridity and Nomads
o Environment: Desert
o Inhabitants: Arabs (individual who wonders trying to find fertile land)
Fully nomadic pastoralists
Bedu or Bedouin
o Trading crossroads
(1) “outh Mai, Yee, (2) coastal towns and (3) al-Hekaz (central and
eastern Arabia).
Three great communities: Yathrib, Taif and Mecca
Mecca: at the crossroads for old trade routes between Yemen and Syria
and Transjordan (known as the Hijaz Road) and between the Red Sea,
Yemen and Iraq (known as the Najd Road)
Medina = city
Importance of the tribe: Descent Groups
- Arabic Poetry
o Development of Arabic Lyrics, Meters and Language
Al-Huda: sogs podued  the hths of the aaas goup of
pilgrims who try to go form one place to another on animals and the
rhythms of the different animals were measured) paces
Poetry conveyed a range of human emotion and appreciation for beauty
and splendour of the desert (take pride in it)
Richness in vocabulary and complex syntactical system
o Arab Poet
Transmitter of tradition and culture
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Mediator of tribes
Humanist of Arabian culture
o The Qasidah: the Arabic Ode
Muallaat= ost eleated pe-Islamic qasidah poetry
- The Kaaa: the heat of Mea
o Dedicated originally to al-Lah, the High God of the Arabs
o Hunafa = Arab primordial monotheists
Belief: Kaaa uilt  the pophets Aaha ad Isael
o Story of Hagar and Ismael (Ishmael)
Spring of Zamzam, Hills of Safa and Marwa
o Prominent Tribe of Mecca: Quraysh
o In 570 CE
Birth of Muhammad ibn Abdullah
- Meccan Phase, Part One: 570-610 CE
o 570: Born to Amina and Abdullah
Adullah as the so of Ad al-Muttalib
Identity: the clan of Hashem and the tribe of Quraysh
Meaigs of ad, i, it, au, u
o 576, age 6: Orphaned; then mostly brought up by his uncle, Abu Talib
o Teenage years: Story of Bahira
o 595, age 25: Marries Khadija, successful business woman
o 600, age 30: Practices spiritual retreats (khalwa) and traditions by the Hunafa
(the Arabian monotheists)
o , age : ‘euildig of the Kaaa ad the sto of al-Hajar al-Aswad
became known as al-Amin
- Meccan Phase, Part Two: 610-622 CE
o I , at age : Fist ‘eelatio of the Qua
Hira and Jabal un- Nur
Night of Destiny/ Power
Khadija and Wariqa
Connection to Christianity and Judaism
Early followers: Khadija, Ali, Abu Bakr
o In 616: Some followers escape to Christian Abyssinia
o In 619: The Yea of “oo:
Death of Abu Taleb and Khadija
o In 622: Flight from Mecca to Medina
Hijra = migration
Muhajiu = The Eigats
- Medina Phase 622-632CE- Part One: Community of Believers
o Developments of Muslim Community:
Creation of the Ummah
Madinat an-Nai, Cit of the Pophet
First year of the Islamic Calendar
Became Religious and Political Leader
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Description
RE 213 Week 2 Thursday a critical reflection is due The life and legacy of the Prophet Muhammad Pre Islamic Arabia o Jahiliyyah = Age of Ignorance o Two powerful civilizations: Byzantine and Sassanian Dynasties o Dynasties were competitive with trying to rule Arabia o Byzantine Dynasty By 570 CE, occupied the lands in Syria, Egypt and Southern Europe Capital was Constantinople Dominant religion: Eastern Christianity o Sassanian Dynasties By 570 CE, occupied Iran, Iraq and the lands of Central Asia Capital was Ctesiphon Dominant religion: Zoroastrianism Was and always have been outside forces that have come into arabia to create issues Arabia: Land of Aridity and Nomads o Environment: Desert o Inhabitants: Arabs (individual who wonders trying to find fertile land) Fully nomadic pastoralists Bedu or Bedouin o Trading crossroads (1) South (Marib, Yemen), (2) coastal towns and (3) alHekaz (central and eastern Arabia). Three great communities: Yathrib, Taif and Mecca Mecca: at the crossroads for old trade routes between Yemen and Syria and Transjordan (known as the Hijaz Road) and between the Red Sea, Yemen and Iraq (known as the Najd Road) Medina = city Importance of the tribe: Descent Groups Arabic Poetry o Development of Arabic Lyrics, Meters and Language AlHuda: songs produced by the rhythms of the caravans (group of pilgrims who try to go form one place to another on animals and the rhythms of the different animals were measured) paces Poetry conveyed a range of human emotion and appreciation for beauty and splendour of the desert (take pride in it) Richness in vocabulary and complex syntactical system o Arab Poet Transmitter of tradition and culture
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