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Religion & Culture
Marybeth White

RE103 Feb.7/13 Lecture Plato’s Symposium: Eulogies on Love  New concept of hero= love of rationality  Next book- Sorrow of Young Werther: focuses on destruction The Hero Revised  Socrates (469-399BCE)- was Plato’s teacher, was put to death ‘cause he rejected the Gods/Goddesses and held onto pure reason+ and not asking for money when teaching  Plato (428-347BCE)- student of Soc., when Soc. died he took to writing about him and his own philosophical thoughts  Rational thought+ reason= both important to Plato and Socrates  Hero as more than a “brute” warrior (Plato’s Books)  Apology (399BCE)- This revisits Socrates final dates, felt that Socrates did not need to apologize at all  Symposium (~385BCE)- discussion of love, eulogies (a praise of something), praise of Gods and Goddesses in this book  Republic (380BCE)- his epitome, a philosophical novel, the message it holds: the philosopher should be king and run the world+ have the greatest wisdom  Philosopher Kings Symposium  Gender- the issues in the Symposium, there are only men and free men+ young boys (opinions were asked only if spoken to)  Each Symposium has a different topic, in this novel it was held in Agathon’s home (the host decides the topic)  Philosophical Issues- the more potent everyone was it would cause difficulty but the less potent the drink would cause the topic to be more serious  Eulogies on Love (*LOOK FOR THESE ASPECTS IN BOOK)  Eros (longing or striving for something, creative force)- does not have to be a person  Aphrodite Urania (Heavenly love, fertility and beauty)- understanding of this Goddess, the higher understandings of love  Aphrodite Pandemos (Common love, seductive)- Common love is base sexual love, the mistress kind of affair  Sophia (Wisdom)- Not a love Goddess but the love of Wisdom which is held up even higher than other Gods mentioned, has nothing to do with people The Setting  Agathon’s house (the host)  Apollodurus telling a friend what he heard from Aristodemus about the symposium, Aristodemus has been to the symposium before and told him about it: The question- why is the story like this in being through another person`s view? Main Key Characters (Chronological- As book moves on) *Know who they are, what they believe in (MID TERM)  Phaedrus  Eros provides virtues; through Eros you receive courage and honorable stance.  Talks about the oldest God, Eros.  Eros existed in the beginning of the world.  Pausanius  Key point: love is not a single thing, love has many understandings, he makes this claim because he himself is a homosexual (single thing), that sex or gender doesn`t matter but the type of love does, common love can be found in any relation
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