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Intro to Judaism - Lecture 2

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Religion & Culture
Holly Pearse

 Today in Judaism o 8 Tishrei, 5774  traditional date for the beginning of the dedication celebration for Solomon's Temple o Yom Kippur: 10Tishrei (sundown on Sept 13to sundown on Sept 14  this is the earliest in September that Yom Kippur can fall, and has not been duplicated since 1899  Overview of the Major Texts of Judaism o textual religion  texts become portable and you can take them with you  religion in which the texts are Central, can be ritualized, is the constant  focuses on the language of Hebrew  revelation; history; law; education  education in Hebrew important for the education of Jews  can only be held together by the portability of the texts/history  authority; tradition & change (interpretation) o only some people can teach the text  Jewish bible is a message, not literal, can be interpreted  hard to understand God's message if you don't know the language  70 CE end of the second temple  sacrifices of animals ceases, textual sacrifices becomes more prominent o reading texts becomes pleasing to God  canonizing started o multiple sacred/ key texts  Tanakh (Torah) (Torah - Law, Tanakh - Hebrew Scripture (bible))  Mishnah (Rabbinic Literature)  Midrash (Rabbinic Literature)  Talmud (Rabbinic Literature)  "other" o Tanakh  acrostic  Terms and story of The Covenant  torah (Five books of Moses) o sacred  nevi'im (prophets) o sacred  ketuvim (writings) o novellas of the bible o some disagreement on how sacred this was o divinely inspired, wiggle room to question the legitimacy  about 24 books  associated documents  apocrypha (sefarim Hizonim) o collection of books that didn't make it into the Bible o some communities accept them, some don't o means the extraneous books o in rabbinic, books don't have to be sacred to be used o book of Maccabees (Hanukkah)  pseudepigrapha (localized scriptures) o written under a false or assumed name o testimonials written by various biblical characters o rabbis less clear if they knew the validity of these documents/stories  translations (authorized compromises) o translating is an act of interpretation, a lot of the times it is a guess o targum (translation into Aramaic); Septuagint (translation into Greek), vulgate (into Latin) o literacy was questionable, not everyone in the Diaspora will know the language o mishnah  First holy book since the Tanakh  Record of rabbinic "oral law" collected ca.200 CE by R. Judah HaNasi (R. Judah the Prince) in 63 systematic tractates. The first major landmark of rabbinic Judaism  decided to collect all of the stories  oral law - teachings that have been passed down from generation orally and not written  The Tosefta (ca. 220-300 CE) o different from the mishnah, holds less power  between 70 CE to 135 CE, lost a lot of students and information o Midrash  halachic (legal) and Aggadic (non-legal) homilies, typically in "story" form, with reference to specific
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