Class Notes (834,049)
Canada (508,296)
RE204 (20)
Lecture 11

Introduction to Judaism - Lecture 11

5 Pages
Unlock Document

Religion & Culture
Holly Pearse

RE204 – Lecture 11  Today in Judaism o 11 Cheshvan, 5774  anniversary of Jacob's wife Rachel's death (Gen 35. 16-20) giving birth to Benjamin  a day to honour matriarchs  day for women's spirituality and renewal  a day to contemplate life and human frailty and transformation  Jews in Medieval Christian Europe o Christian Rome  Holy Roman Empire 962-1802  Roman Empire began decline, much of Rome split up and retaken by original occupants  quasi conversion of Constantine  byzantine empire 300-1453 o Pre/Early Christian Empires o Christian monarchies and popes  Ashkenazi Jews  specifically out of Germany/France  Central Europe  Sephardic Jews  Spain/Mediterranean  Jewish culture in Spain under Islam o Christian bishops and popes have long standing influence o rulers/emperors have problems with Christian doctrines  Jews were allowed in cities because they were economically useful  SHUM settlements o SHUM settlements in Rhineland  Speyer (Shpria)= SH (ca. 1084)  Worms (Vermayza) = U (10thcentury)  Mainz (Magentza) = M (10th century) o Germany used to multiculturalism o settlements in Rhineland fastest expanding centre in the northern world o Yiddish - medieval German + Hebrew o root center of the Ashkenazi tradition  takkanot SHUM (SHUM synod), ca. 1196  cultural/custom form of Judaism because of comfortability  had to determine whether Christians were idolaters o some viewed them as yes, some as no o recategorized Christians as monotheists  idea of ethical monotheism  shared the texts, therefore could be considered to not be idolaters  ratified many of the decrees, many regarding divorce and marriage  banned levirate marriage  revolutionized dowry law 1 RE204 – Lecture 11  if one Jew snitched on another Jew to non-Jewish authority, they would be excommunicated  some reflected responsa of time and gave instructions on how to do business o Troyes, France- 1160 - hold council (synod) administrative council where they decide how things are administered  met to determine important rules for living in this part of the diaspora  only applicable in the areas where the rabbis preside, does not extend past their jurisdiction  have an expiration date  ban on polygamy - most notable one coming from this area  banned because it disgraces the name of God, Christians did not practice polygamy, if Jews have more than one wife, makes them look more perverse than Christians o recognition that Judaism must change and adapt or else it won't survive  holds the same authority as rabbis before Midrash was written  Early Christian-Jewish relations o points of similarity  share monotheism  share texts  share messianic theology, that there will be a messiah to initiate a kingdom of God o points of friction  circumcision, taken out of Christianity  Christians - happens through faith in Jesus o become the covent peoeple and Israelis  "elected" people of God  charge of deicide - Jews responsible for killing of Jesus o theological issues  polemics  polemics - charges or accusations of enemies written down  deicide - Jews and Romans responsible, but roman side downplayed  idea of devil more prominent in Christian mythology  replacement theology  replacement - judaism is represented by blindfolded subjugated roman o church is the triumphant, reflects understanding that Christians are the new people of God and that Jews have been replaced  supersessionism  triumphalism and absolutism  absolutism - both sides acknowledge their sides are the absolute truth  triumphalism - Christians triumphed 2 RE204 – Lecture 11  Violence in Christian Europe o Ghettos and Judenhut  really come into their own after Christianization of Europe  before 10th century, more considered Jewish quarters, not ghettos  Judenhut - special clothes/insignia of Jews, after 1215 more prominent  Jews and Christians too close, moved backwards to create the separation o pogroms and expulsi
More Less

Related notes for RE204

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.