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Lecture 19

Introduction to Judaism - Lecture 19

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Religion & Culture
Holly Pearse

RE204 – Lecture 19  denominations and sects o denominations - groups that accept idea that different people require different forms of same faith, able to recognize shared values and basic validity of another form within same tradition  sects o typically understood as being denominational or sectarian, but more fluid  times when which type a group identifies as is challenged o denominational/sectarian perspective  denominations - very much modern concept  embrace idea that different people have different needs  tend to only exist within structures that recognize personal autonomy  understood as same religion o get along easier than sects  sectarian split due to the schisms from the main pillars of a religion  commonalities wrapped in these core values o Reform Judaism - more of a denominational outlook o schisms are determined by pillars  god  torah  Israel  temple  German Reform Movement o Reform Judaism - post-enlightenment, modern form of judaism from 19th century  sought to harmonize ideals of personalism and reason with judaism  initially marked by universalism and move towards protestant religion forms  focus on education and liturgy reforms  studying the history of Judaism o academic or critical sense  through academic study where traditional mode of authority was becoming eroded  less uniformly accepted and binding  divine - mitigated with human autonomy  textual - textual criticism  rabbinic - loses out to emancipation and autonomy o ethical monotheism - loss of Talmud authority because it was written by Rabbis o early reformers  associations, synods and declarations  more protestant-like  Israel Jacobson 1 RE204 – Lecture 19  1801 - founds boarding school o manifests enlightenment principles - secular with Hebraic education  Hebraic - Hebrew history, literature...etc o hires Christians to teach secular subjects  1810 - opens temple associated with school o first true reform temple  1817 - reform prayer books  1844 - more widespread of reform prayer books  1844/1845/1846 - Reform Judaism met together to determine official reform principles  1844 - napoleon Sanhedrin findings  1845 - Frankfurt - nationalist mentality was extinguished, more patriotic of host country  1846 - Breslau synod - dropped Talmudic definitions for Jewish observances  1868 - real platform for German reform movement  Geiger - founder of German reform movement o laid rubber for producing article of faith/platform for movement o often
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