Re212 lesson 5: islam in conflict and peace. Introduction: noble sanctuary in jerusalem, one of the most sacred spaces in the world for muslims. In the centre of which stands the majestic dome of the rock, a shrine completed in 691. In the foreground is a mosque of which you might have heard: the al-aqsa mosque. Furthest mosque : first qibla or direction in which muslims prayed before the sacred mosque in. Mecca became their permanent qibla: large, open platform surrounded by tree groves which offer welcome shade from the summer sun, muslims regard this space as a place where muhammad is said to have risen to heaven. Mediterranean cost, called the gaza strip) is also essentially sacred space. Muslims towards conflicts with members of other religions in this case, with many jews over control of the noble sanctuary/temple mount and the west bank and gaza strip.